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Title: Antagonistic activity of fungi of Olea europaea L. against Colletotrichum acutatum
Authors: Landum, Miguel
Félix, Rosário
Alho, Joana
Garcia, Raquel
Cabrita, Maria João
Rei, Fernando
Varanda, Carla
Keywords: Oleae europaea
Colletotrichum acutatum
Biological control
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Congress of Microbiology and Biotechnology
Citation: Landum, M. C. Félix, M. R. Alho, J. Garcia R. Cabrita M.J. Rei, F. Varanda, C.M.R,. 2015. Antagonistic activity of fungi of Olea europaea L. against Colletotrichum acutatum. Congress of Microbiology and Biotechnology, December, Universidade de Évora, Évora, Portugal, pag.146
Abstract: Fungi naturally present in olive trees were isolated, identified and tested for their potential to be used as biological agents against C. acutatum, the causal agent of anthracnose, one of the most important olive diseases. Antagonistic activity and effect of their secondary metabolites was evaluated through dual culture growth, agar-diffusion and volatile tests. A total of 14 isolates were identified from olive leaves, 12 belonged to genera Alternaria, Epicoccum, Fusarium, Aspergillus, Anthinium, Chaetomium, Diaporthe, Nigrospora, 1 to family Xylariaceae and 1 was unclassified. The most frequent isolates, composing half of the isolates identified, belonged to genera Alternaria, Fusarium or to species Epicoccum nigrum. All fungal isolates, when grown in dual culture, showed some inhibitory action over the growth of C. acutatum. Maximum inhibition was observed with A. niger (86.3%), N. oryzae (66.7%) and the unclassified endophyte (68.6%). Volatiles tests showed that all fungal isolates produced volatiles that caused similar inhibition rates of C. acutatum growth. Significant differences on C. acutatum growth inhibition were obtained when agar diffusible tests were performed, where only 5 fungal isolates caused C. acutatum growth inhibition: Alternaria sp. isolate 2 (26.8%), the fungus from Xylariaceae family (14.3%), Alternaria sp. isolate 1 (10.7%); Diaporthe sp. (10.7%), Nigrospora oryzae (3.5%). Volatile substances produced by these different isolates were identified through gas chromatography techniques, as phenylethyl alcohol, 4-methylquinazoline, benzothiazole, benzyl alcohol, lilial, galaxolide, among others. These inhibitory volatiles could play a significant role in reduction of C. acutatum expansion in olive and their study as potential biocontrol agents should be further explored. This would be of great interest to meet one of the main concerns of public health that is the excess of chemical fungicides on crop plants.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:MED - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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