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Title: Esterification of free fatty acids to biodiesel over heteropolyacids immobilized on mesoporous silica
Authors: Tropecêlo, A
Casimiro, M
Fonseca, I
Ramos, A
Vital, J
Castanheiro, Jose
Editors: Au, CT
Kung, H
Lopez Nieto, J
Keywords: Biodiesel
Free fatty acids
Issue Date: 20-Dec-2010
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Applied Catalysis A: General 390 (2010) 183–189
Abstract: Tungstophosphoric acid (PW), molybdophosphoric acid (PMo) and tungstosilicic acid (SiW) immobilized on SBA-15 were used, as catalysts, in the esterification of palmitic acid with methanol, at 60 ◦C. Catalysts were characterized by N2 adsorption, FTIR, X-ray diffraction, ICP-AES and TEM. All catalysts exhibited high catalytic activity in palmitic acid esterification with methanol. It was observed that the catalytic activity decreases in the follow series: PW1-SBA-15 > SiW-SBA-15 > PMo- SBA-15. A series of PW immobilized on SBA-15 with different PW loadings from 2.7 wt% to 8.3 wt% were prepared. It was observed high catalytic activity with low amount of tungstophosphoric acid immobilized on SBA-15. In order to optimize the reaction conditions, the effect of different parameters, such as catalyst loading, carbon length of the alcohol and temperature, molar ratio of fatty acid to methanol in the presence of PW3-SBA-15 were studied. PW3-SBA-15 catalyst can be separated from reaction system for re-use. It was observed a small leaching of the PW from SBA-15 to liquid phase. PW3-SBA-15 catalyst was also used in the esterification of stearic and oleic acid with methanol. High catalytic activity was observed.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:QUI - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
CQE - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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