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Title: The importance of crop residue management for carbon sequestration under no-till.
Authors: Basch, G.
Carvalho, Mário
Barros, José
Calado, José
Keywords: carbon-sequestration
residue management
Issue Date: Oct-2010
Publisher: Ministerio de Medio Ambiente y Medio Rural y Marino
Abstract: The practice of no-till is known to contribute to the sequestration of organic carbon in the soil, as it decreases the mineralization of organic matter (SOM). However, huge differences regarding the soil carbon storage under no-till can be found in literature. This study evaluates the effect of different residues management practices under no-till on the evolution of SOM. Two different crop residues (wheat and chickpea) and four wheat straw management systems were used in a field trial over 3 years and the soil organic carbon determined in different soil layers at the beginning and the end of experiment. The increase of SOM was higher the more wheat straw was left on the soil surface. In situ grazing of the wheat straw conducted to a lower SOW increase than its maintenance on the surface. The chickpea crop, with a low C/N ratio of its residues showed no positive effect in terms of SOM improvement. The results suggest that the return of cereal residues instead of its removal or grazing in combination with no-till for crop establishment can contribute considerably to improve the low soil organic matter levels found in Mediterranean environments.
ISBN: 978-84-491-1038-2
Type: article
Appears in Collections:FIT - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings
MED - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings

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