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Authors: Pereira, Marizia
Martins, Mónica
Saraiva, Isabel
Keywords: Flora
paddy fields
Lower Sado
Issue Date: 13-Sep-2011
Publisher: Editores: Jardín Botánico, Universitat de València
Abstract: Rice cultivation has been introduced in Portugal in the late twelfth century, playing in the present, an important role in the maintenance of particular wetland habitats of adventitious communities. Conversely, it is important to study related alien species, with invasive potential, since they may became major threats to natural habitats. Thus, this work constitutes an initial effort to systematize the knowledge on structure and composition of the paddy fields’ vegetation in the Lower Sado, including several species and plant communities which are still poorly studied or understood. It was focused on the lower River Sado (South Portugal), an area traditionally devoted to rice cultivation, with Mediterranean pluviseasonal oceanic macrobioclimate, Upper thermomediterranean thermothype, and Upper dry ombrothype. Biogeographically it is inserted in the Coastal Lusitan-Andalusian Province, Sadensean-Dividing Portuguese Subprovince, and Ribatagan-Sadensean Sector. Herborizations, and 110 phytosociological relevés fallowing the classic sigmatist method of Braun-Blanquet, were made in bunds not submitted to the application of herbicides, during the months of June and July of 2010, in 7 localities: Alcácer do Sal, Comporta, Rio de Moinhos, Santa Catarina, São Romão, Torrão and Tróia. The Raunkjaer system was used to identify physiognomic types. Belonging to 26 families, 69 taxa of adventitious flora were identified. Physiognomic types included 28 therophytes, 24 hemicryptophytes, 13 cryptophytes, 2 phanerophytes and 2 chamaephytes. Biogeographically, holarctic species predominate (84%), followed by neotropical (9%) and paleotropical (6%). Also, were recognized 10 alien species and 1 of undetermined origin. Three phytosociological associations were identified: a.Thypho angustifoliae-Phragmitetum australis, b.Oryzo sativae-Echinochloetum cruris-galli, c. Paspaletum dilatato-distichi, and three communities accepted: d.a community of Digitaria sanguinalis, a community of Leersia oryzoides and Echinochloa crus-galli, and a community of Paspalum paspalodes and Lolium perenne. These associations and communities are inserted in four phytosociological classes: a.Phragmites-Magnocaricetea, b.Oryzetea sativae, c.Stellarietea media, and d.Molinio-Arrhenateretea, respectively.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:PAO - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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