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Title: Regional-scale burnt area mapping in Southern Europe using NOAA-AVHRR 1 km data
Authors: Pereira, José
Sousa, Adélia
Sá, Ana
Editors: Chuvieco, Emilio
Keywords: NOAA-AVHRR
Burnt area
Issue Date: 1999
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Pereira, J.M.C., Sousa, A.M.O., Sá, A.C.L (1999). Regional-scale burnt area mapping in Southern Europe using NOAA-AVHRR 1km data. Em Remote sensing of Large Wildfires in the European Mediterranean Basin, pp.139.155 (E. Chuvieco, Ed. Ecological Studies Series), Springer-Verlag, Berlin.
Abstract: A brief review of studies dealing with burnt area mapping using coarse spatial resolution satellite imagery is presented, followed by an ana lysis of areas burnt in Iberia during the 1991 and 1994 fire seasons, two of the worst on record in Portugal an Spain, respectively. In order to detect and map burnt areas, new multitemporal image compositing algorithms were developed. Burnt area mapping for the 1991 fire season relied on the Global Environment Monitoring Index (GEMI), albedo, and surface temperature. A rule-based classifier was induced from training data, using the classification and regression trees (CART) algorithm. Firesize estimates compared well to those derived with Landsat TM imagery, but appear unreliable for burns smaller than about 2000ha.The 1994 fire season data were analysed with a two-phase procedure. First, a new spectral index was specifically designed for burnt area detection. Images of this index were thresholded to detect clearly burnt pixelsand to avoid commission errors. Secondly, a distance-based multicriteria analysis technique was applied, combining spectral similarity and spatial contiguity criteria, to map the burns. The method detected over 80% of all large fires, and proved especially effective at mapping burns larger than 1000 ha.
ISBN: 3-540-65767-3
Type: bookPart
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros
ERU - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros

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