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Title: Vertical characterization of fine and coarse dust particles during an intense Saharan dust outbreak over the Iberian Peninsula in springtime 2021
Authors: López-Cayuela, Maria Ángeles
Córdoba-Jabonero, Carmen
Bermejo-Pantaleón, D.
Sicard, Michael
Salgueiro, Vanda
Molero, Francisco
Carvajal-Pérez, Clara Violeta
Granados-Muñoz, María José
Comerón, Adolfo
Couto, Flavio Tiago
Barragán, Ruben
Zorzano, M.P.
Bravo-Aranda, Juan Antonio
Muñoz-Porcar, Constantino
Costa, Maria João
Artíñano, B.
Rodríguez-Gómez, A.
Bortoli, Daniele
Pujadas, M.
Abril-Gago, Jesús
Alados-Arboledas, Lucas
Guerrero-Rascado, Juan Luis
Issue Date: 2023
Citation: López-Cayuela, M. Á., Córdoba-Jabonero, C., Bermejo-Pantaleón, D., Sicard, M., Salgueiro, V., Molero, F., Carvajal-Pérez, C. V., Granados-Muñoz, M. J., Comerón, A., Couto, F. T., Barragán, R., Zorzano, M.-P., Bravo-Aranda, J. A., Muñoz-Porcar, C., Costa, M. J., Artíñano, B., Rodríguez-Gómez, A., Bortoli, D., Pujadas, M., Abril-Gago, J., Alados-Arboledas, L., and Guerrero-Rascado, J. L.: Vertical characterization of fine and coarse dust particles during an intense Saharan dust outbreak over the Iberian Peninsula in springtime 2021, Atmos. Chem. Phys., 23, 143–161,, 2023.
Abstract: An intense and long-lasting Saharan dust outbreak crossed the Iberian Peninsula (IP) from the southwest (SW) to the northeast (NE) from 25 March until 7 April 2021. This work aims to assess the optical and mass contribution of both fine and coarse dust particles along their transport. Five Iberian lidar stations were monitoring the transport and evolution of the Saharan dust particles, i.e. El Arenosillo/Huelva, Granada, Torrejón/Madrid and Barcelona in Spain, and Évora in Portugal. The particular meteorological conditions determined the aerosol scenario along the overall dust event, differing in the first part of the event (25–31 March), in which the strongest dust incidence occurred on 29–31 March at the south and central stations and 1 April at Barcelona, from the second one (1–7 April). The use of the two-step POLIPHON algorithm showed the relevance of using polarized lidar measurements for separating the aerosol properties of dust fine and coarse particles as an added value. Both the fine dust (Df) and coarse dust (Dc) components of the total particle backscatter coefficient (total dust, DD = Dc + Df) were separately derived. The dust plume was well-mixed with height and no significant differences were found in the vertical structure of both the Dc and Df particle backscatter coefficients. From the beginning of the dust outbreak until 1 April, the vertical Df  DD mass ratio was nearly constant in time at each station and also in altitude with values of ∼ 10 %. Moreover, the mean dust optical depth at 532 nm was decreasing along that dust pathway, reporting values from SW to NE stations of 0.34 at El Arenosillo/Huelva, 0.28 at Granada, 0.20 at Évora, 0.28 at Torrejón/Madrid, and 0.14 at Barcelona, although its Df  DD ratio remained almost constant (28 %–30 %). A similar pattern was found for the total dust mass loading and its Df/DD ratio, i.e. mostly decreasing mean mass values were reported, being constant in its Df/DD ratio (∼ 10 %) along the SW–NE dust pathway. In addition, the episode-mean centre-of-mass height increased with latitude overall, showing a high variability, being greater than 0.5 km at the southern sites (El Arenosillo/Huelva, Granada, Évora) and ∼ 1.0 km at Torrejón/Madrid and Barcelona. However, despite the relatively high intensity of the dust intrusion, the expected ageing of the dust particles was hardly observed, by taking into account the minor changes found in the contribution and properties of the coarse and fine dust particles. This is on the basis that the IP is relatively close to the Saharan dust sources and then, under certain dust transport conditions, any potential ageing processes in the dust particles remained unappreciated. The following must be highlighted: the different relative contribution of the fine dust particles to the total dust found for their optical properties (∼ 30 %) associated with the radiative effect of dust, with respect to that for the mass features (∼ 10 %) linked to air quality issues, along the overall dust event by crossing the IP.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:ICT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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