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Title: Efficacy and Function of Feathers, Hair, and Glabrous Skin in the Thermoregulation Strategies of Domestic Animals
Authors: Mota-Rojas, Daniel
Titto, Cristiane
Geraldo, Ana
Martinez-Burnes, Julio
Gomez, Jocelyn
Casas, Alejandro
Dominguez, Adriana
Reyes, Brenda
Pereira, Alfredo
Keywords: birds
skin glabrous
Issue Date: 21-Nov-2021
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Mota-Rojas, D.; Titto, C.G.; de Mira Geraldo, A.; Martínez-Burnes, J.; Gómez, J.; Hernández-Ávalos, I.; Casas, A.; Domínguez, A.; José, N.; Bertoni, A.; Pereira, A. Efficacy and Function of Feathers, Hair, and Glabrous Skin in the Thermoregulation Strategies of Domestic Animals. Animals 2021, 11, 3472. ani11123472
Abstract: The objective of this review is to describe and analyze the effect of feathers, hair, and glabrous (hairless) skin on the thermoregulation of domestic and endotherm animals, especially concerning the uses and scope of infrared thermography (IRT), scientific findings on heat and cold stress, and differences among species of domestic animals. Clinical medicine considers thermoregulation a mechanism that allows animals to adapt to varying thermal environmental conditions, a process in which the presence of feathers, hair, or glabrous skin influences heat loss or heat retention, respectively, under hot and cold environmental conditions. Evaluating body temperature provides vital information on an individual’s physiological state and health status since variations in euthermia maintenance in vertebrates reflect a significant cellular metabolism deviation that needs to be assessed and quantified. IRT is a non-invasive tool for evaluating thermal responses under thermal stress conditions in animals, where the presence or absence of feathers, hair, and glabrous skin can affect readings and the differences detected. Therefore, anatomical regions, the characteristics of feathers, hair, glabrous skin such as structure, length, color, and extension, and strategies for dissipating or retaining heat together constitute a broad area of opportunity for future research into the phenomena of dermal thermoregulation in domestic species.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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