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Title: Aurochs roamed along the coast of SW Spain (Iberia) during Late Pleistocene
Authors: Neto de Carvalho, Carlos
Muñiz, Fernando
Cáceres, Luis M.
Belaústegui, Zain
Rodríguez‑Vidal, Joaquín
Belo, João
Moreira, Noel
Cachão, Mário
Cunha, Pedro P.
Figueiredo, Silvério
Galán, José María
Zhang, Yilu
Gómez, Paula
Toscano, Antonio
Ruiz, Francisco
Ramírez‑Cruzado, Samuel
Giles‑Guzmán, Francisco
Finlayson, Geraldine
Finlayson, Stewart
Finlayson, Clive
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Scientific Reports
Citation: NETO DE CARVALHO, C., MUÑIZ, F., CÁCERES, L.M., BELAÚSTEGUI, Z., RODRÍGUEZ-VIDAL, J., BELO, J., MOREIRA, N., CACHÃO, M., CUNHA, P.P., FIGUEIREDO, S., GALÁN, J.M., ZHANG, Y., GÓMEZ, P., TOSCANO, A., RUIZ, F., RAMÍREZ-CRUZADO, S., GILES-GUZMÁN, F., FINLAYSON, G., FINLAYSON, S., FINLAYSON, C. (2022). Aurochs roamed along the coast of SW Spain (Iberia) during Late Pleistocene. Scientific Reports 12, 9911. DOI: 10.1038/s41598-022-14137-6
Abstract: In the Iberian Peninsula the fossil record of artiodactyls spans over 53 million years. During the Pleistocene, wild cattle species such as Bison and especially Bos became common. In Late Pleistocene, the aurochs (Bos primigenius) was widespread and the only bovine living along the large river valleys of southern Iberia. Although commonly found in fossil sites and especially in cave bone assemblages, the trace fossil record of aurochs was known worldwide only from the Holocene. Large bovine and roe deer/caprine tracks were found in at least five horizons of the early Late Pleistocene (MIS 5) beach and eolian deposits of Cape Trafalgar (Cadiz Province, South of Spain). The large bovine tracks are formally described as Bovinichnus uripeda igen. et isp. nov. and compared with the record of aurochs tracks, large red deer tracks and steppe bison biogeographical distribution in Iberia. Aurochs were the most likely producers of the newly described Trafalgar Trampled Surface (TTS) and some of the large artiodactyl tracks in the Matalascañas Trampled Surface, representing the oldest aurochs track record known. This new evidence, together with comparisons with the record of possible aurochs tracks in the Mid-Late Pleistocene coastal deposits from the Asperillo cliff section in Matalascañas (Huelva Province, SW Spain) and bone assemblages known in Gibraltar, point to a recurrent use of the coastal habitat by these large artiodactyls in SW Iberia.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:ICT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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