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|Title: ||Prunus lusitanica L.: An Endangered Plant Species Relict in the Central Region of Mainland Portugal|
|Authors: ||Raposo, Mauro|
del Río, Sara
|Editors: ||Wink, Michael|
Pagnotta, Mario A.
|Keywords: ||forest relic|
|Issue Date: ||2021|
|Citation: ||Raposo, M.A.M.; Nunes,
L.J.R.; Quinto-Canas, R.; del Río, S.;
Pardo, F.M.V.; Galveias, A.;
Pinto-Gomes, C.J. (2021). Prunus lusitanica L.: An Endangered Plant Species Relict
in the Central Region of Mainland
Portugal. Diversity, 13, 359.
|Abstract: ||Prunus lusitanica L. is a paleotropical relic species with an Ibero-Maghrebian distribution,
which is presently considered as an endangered species, recognized by the Natura 2000 Network
(92/43/EEC) as a priority habitat for conservation in Europe. The mountains in the Portuguese
mainland central region offer the best location for this species to occur. The main objective of this study
is to measure the current conservation status of the communities of P. lusitanica, through the collection
of field data, such as the number of existing individuals of each population and their location, which
will then be comparatively analyzed based on the previous literature, published at least 15 years ago.
Soil characterization analysis was carried out and the main threats to conservation were identified. As
a result, a decline of approximately 40% was observed in the number of individuals and in the quality
of their habitat. The main threats to their conservation were found to be the seasonal occurrence of
rural fires and the expansion of invasive species, such as Acacia dealbata Link and Ailanthus altissima
(Mill.) Swingle. Finally, we present the main management methodologies that should be considered for the valorization of this important vegetational relic in the central region of mainland Portugal.|
|Appears in Collections:||PAO - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica|
MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
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