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Title: Trends and biological effects of environmental contaminants in lamprey
Authors: Madenjian, Charles P.
Unrein, Julia
Pedro, Silvia
Editors: Adams, Jean
Barber, Jessica
Docker, Margaret
Johnson, Nicholas
McLaughlin, Robert
Steeves, Todd
Wilkie, Michael
Keywords: Environmental contaminants
Fish consumption advisories
Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs)
Temporal trends
Issue Date: 2021
Publisher: Journal of Great Lakes Research
Abstract: Environmental contamination is of global concern. Lamprey are scientifically, ecologically, culturally, and economically important fishes. Our study represents the first synthesis ever on environmental contamination in lamprey. Objectives of this study include: (1) evaluate lethal and sublethal effects of environmental contaminants on lamprey, thereby providing insight into the potential for environmental contaminants to affect lamprey abundance, (2) highlight the unique characteristics of contaminant accumulation in lamprey, (3) determine whether spatial and temporal trends observed in contaminant concentrations of other top predators of aquatic food webs are reflected in the spatial and temporal trends of contaminant concentrations of lamprey, (4) identify key environmental contaminants affecting consumption advisories for people eating lamprey, and (5) identify important gaps in our knowledge of environmental contamination in lamprey. The geographic scope of this synthesis is worldwide. We conclude that, in general, the environmental contaminant concentrations that have been experienced by lamprey in the wild appear to be nonlethal to lamprey. However, environmental contaminants exert sublethal effects on lamprey. Sea lamprey (Petromyzon marinus) and Pacific lamprey (Entosphenus tridentatus) are relatively high in total mercury (Hg) concentration compared with other fishes. Compared with other top predators, lamprey are relatively low in polychlorinated biphenyl (PCB) concentration and concentrations of organochlorine pesticides. We also conclude that regulations on the use of PCBs, beginning in the 1970s, were effective in dramatically reducing PCB concentration in lamprey since the 1970s. Emerging contaminants, such as pharmaceuticals, microplastics, and per- and polyfluorinated alkyl substances (PFAS), have yet to be studied in lamprey.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MARE-UE - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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