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Title: Fire effects on C and H isotopic composition in plant biomass and soil: Bulk and particle size fractions
Authors: Jiménez-Morillo, Nicasio T.
Almendros, Gonzalo
González-Vila, Francisco J.
Jordán, Antonio
Zavala, Lorena M.
De la Rosa, José M.
González-Pérez, José A.
Keywords: Charred biomass
Isotope fractionation
Mediterranean soil
Sieved soil fractions
Soil organic matter
Issue Date: 20-Dec-2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Jiménez-Morillo NT, Almendros G, González-Vila FJ, Jordán A, Zavala LM, De la Rosa JM, González-Pérez JA (2020). Fire effects on C and H isotopic composition in plant biomass and soil: Bulk and particle size fractions. Sci. Total Environ. 749, 141417.
Abstract: This work studies carbon (C) and hydrogen (H) isotope composition of plant biomass and soil organic matter (SOM) in an attempt to assess both, changes exerted by fire and possible inputs of charred materials to the soil after a wildfire. Isotope composition of bulk soil, soil particle size fractions and biomass of the dominant standing vegetation in the area (Quercus suber) from Doñana National Park (SW-Spain) were studied by isotope ratio mass spectrometry (IRMS). SOM C isotope composition indicates the occurrence of two SOM pools with different degree of alteration. Coarse soil fractions (>0.5 mm) were found 13C depleted with δ13C values close to those in leaf biomass, pointing to a predominance of poorly transformed SOM. Conversely, fine fractions (<0.1 mm) were found enriched in 13C as corresponds to a more humified SOM. The fire produced no changes in this trend, although a consistent 13C enrichment (c. 1‰) was observed in all soil fractions with decreasing size. Concerning H isotopes, the coarse fractions (>0.5 mm) displayed significant lower δ2H values than the intermediate and fine ones (<0.5 mm), again similar to those in leaf biomass (c. -80‰), whereas the fine fractions were found deuterium (2H)-enriched with significant higher δ2H values (c. 50‰), suggesting physical speciation of H depending on soil particle size. The fire produced a significant 2H depletion (Δ2H c. -10‰) in the finer fractions (<0.1 mm). The study of stable isotope analysis added new information and complements the results obtained by other proxies to better understand the effect of fire on SOM
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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