Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Title: Bone stable isotope data of the Late Roman population (4th–7th centuries CE) from Mondragones (Granada): A dietary reconstruction in a Roman villa context of south-eastern Spain
Authors: Fernandez-Martinez, P.
Maurer, A.-F.
Jiménez-Morillo, N. T.
Botella, M.
Lopez, B.
Barrocas Dias, Cristina
Keywords: Paleodiet
Late Antiquity
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: The aim of this study is to examine the diet, using bone stable isotope analysis (δ13C and δ15N), of a Late Roman population (4th–7th centuries CE) from the Roman villa of Mondragones (Granada, Spain). This archaeological site presents an exceptionally high number (n = 121) of well-preserved skeletal remains (adults and non-adults), giving the opportunity to study for the first time the nutritional and health conditions of a Late Roman popu-lation by the analysis of stable isotopes and pathologies in the context of the south-eastern Iberian Peninsula. Stable isotopes ratios of carbon (δ13C) and nitrogen (δ15N) were analysed in 46 individuals (21 adults and 25 non-adults) as well as in 7 faunal samples (2 cows/ox, 2 goats/sheep, and 3 large mammals). Frequencies of cariogenic lesions, dental calculus, dental enamel hypoplasia, porotic hyperostosis, and cribra orbitalia were also explored. The anthropological study revealed a high presence of dental caries and calculus in adults, which are related to a diet rich in starch and carbohydrates, and non-specific stress markers in non-adults, probably pointing to the weaning process or childhood diseases. Collagen isotope ratios suggested that the population of Mondragones had a diet rich in C3 plants, with some meat intake from terrestrial herbivores. There were sig-nificant differences between non-adults and adults, but no differences were detected by sex. The youngest non- adults (aged 1 year ± 4 months) showed the δ15N mean value almost 4‰ above the adult female one, which could reflect the breastfeeding period.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:HERCULES - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
1-s2.0-S2352409X20300559-main.pdf5.02 MBAdobe PDFView/OpenRestrict Access. You can Request a copy!
FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInDiggGoogle BookmarksMySpaceOrkut
Formato BibTex mendeley Endnote Logotipo do DeGóis 

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


Dspace Dspace
DSpace Software, version 1.6.2 Copyright © 2002-2008 MIT and Hewlett-Packard - Feedback
UEvora B-On Curriculum DeGois