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Title: Spatial-temporal evaluation of water quality in Brazilian semiarid Reservoirs
Authors: Rossiter, K.W.L.
Marques, E.A.T.
Oliveira, V.R.
Matta, E.
Morais, M.M.
Editors: Rauch, Wolfgang
Keywords: drought region
seasonal variation
water diversion project
water management
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: IWA Publishing
Citation: Rossiter K. W. L.., Marques E. A. T., Oliveira. V. R., Matta E., Morais M. M., 2020 - Spatial-temporal evaluation of water quality in Brazilian semiarid Reservoirs. Water Practice & Technology 15 (1): 92–104
Abstract: Reservoirs are used in the Brazilian semiarid for human supply, power generation, irrigated agriculture and more recently, intensive fish farming, the Sobradinho reservoir being the largest of this region. In the last decade, the semiarid region has suffered a strong drought, in opposite direction to the increasing demand of multiple water uses. The present work aims to study the spatial-temporal variation of water quality in two reservoirs in the Brazilian semiarid region (Sobradinho and Itaparica reservoirs). For this, samples were collected in the dry and wet periods between 2011 and 2014, and the results were analyzed through boxplot charts and Principal Component Analysis (PCA). For both reservoirs, our results showed that the PCAs did not evidence a specific seasonal change in the water quality characteristics, distinguishing the wet and dry periods through the four years studied. A clear temporal pattern was detected in both reservoirs, with higher values of turbidity, dissolved oxygen and total phosphorus in the wet period and higher values of pH and alkalinity in the dry period. An upstream reduction of nutrients and turbidity was not found in this study, as is reported in literature for consecutive reservoirs, probably due to the irrigation and aquaculture activities, mainly in Itaparica reservoir.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:ICT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
BIO - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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