Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Title: Rift-related volcanism predating the birth of the Rheic Ocean
Authors: Sanchez-Garcia, Teresa
Bellido, Felix
Pereira, M. Francisco
Chichorro, Martim
Quesada, Cecilio
Pin, Christian
Silva, Jose B.
Keywords: Rift magmatism
Rheic Ocean
Ossa-Morena zone
Sm–Nd isotopes
Issue Date: 2010
Abstract: Two very different periods of magma emplacement in the crust of the Ossa-Morena zone (early and main events) in SW Iberia have been previously interpreted to record a Cambrian/Early Ordovician rifting event that is thought to have culminated in the opening of the Rheic Ocean during the Early Ordovician. New stratigraphic, petrographic, geochemical and Sm–Nd isotope data from Cambrian volcanic rocks included in six key low-grade sections in both Portugal and Spain considerably improve our understanding of these events. These data: (1) confirm the existence of two rift-related magmatic events in the Cambrian of the Ossa-Morena zone, (2) demonstrate that the early rift-related event was associated with migmatite and core-complex formation in the mid-upper crust and is represented by felsic peraluminous rocks, the parent magmas of which were derived mainly from crustal sources, and (3) show the main rift-related event to be represented by a bimodal association of felsic and mafic rocks with minor amounts of intermediate rocks. Some of the mafic rocks show N-MORB affinity, whereas others have OIB or E-MORB affinities, suggesting different heterogeneous mantle sources (depleted and enriched, asthenospheric and lithospheric, plume-like and non-plume-like). The acid and intermediate rocks appear to represent hybrid mixtures of crust and mantle-derived magmas. This new data supports the hypothesis that the onset of rifting was associated with a process of oblique ridgetrench collision. We interpret the significant differences between the early and main events as reflecting the evolution froma wide rift stagewith passive extensionmainly accommodated by lower-crust flowin a high heatflow setting, to a narrow rift stage with active extension characterized by extension rates that outpaced thermal diffusion rates.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:GEO - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Gondwana Research2010-sanchez.pdf87.87 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInDiggGoogle BookmarksMySpaceOrkut
Formato BibTex mendeley Endnote Logotipo do DeGóis 

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


Dspace Dspace
DSpace Software, version 1.6.2 Copyright © 2002-2008 MIT and Hewlett-Packard - Feedback
UEvora B-On Curriculum DeGois