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Title: Democratization in Africa: the development condition revisited
Authors: Branco, Manuel
Keywords: Democratization
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Perspectivas Portuguese Journal of Political Science
Citation: BRANCO, Manuel (2020) "Democratization in Africa: The Development Condition Revisited", Perspectivas, Portuguese Journal of Political Science and International Relations, vol 22: pp. 39-49.
Abstract: In the middle of the twentieth century S.M. Lipset sustained that various indicators of economic development were higher in democratic countries than in authoritarian ones, suggesting that development was a condition to democracy. More recently, though, several authors have shown that there is no strong empirical evidence confirming development as a condition to democracy, suggesting in turn that the economic is not as important in democratization as it seemed in the 1950s. Despite this fact, there are some clues that indicate that economic factors do play an important role in democratization, but in a way different than that proposed by Lipset. In this article a revision of literature on some economic obstacles to democratization in Africa is carried out, its main conclusion being that underdevelopment decisively contributes to the difficulties many African countries experience in democratizing and consolidating democracy. One should not mistake underdevelopment with un-development though, the latter being the mere absence or delay in development and the former a specific supporting role given to developing countries within the global development process. The article’s general conclusion, therefore, is that democratic development is not a question of getting richer, i.e. intensifying the development model, as much as of reforming this same model.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:ECN - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Nacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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