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Title: Heat flow in SW of Galicia and NW of Portugal. The interpretation of a seismic anomaly
Authors: Duque, Maria Rosa
Keywords: Heat flow
Seismic anomaly
Radioactive Heat sources
Geoid height
Curie point temperature depth
Lithosphere thickness
Issue Date: 7-Sep-2020
Publisher: WMESS 2020
Citation: Duque, M.R. (2020). Heat flow in SW of Galicia and NW of Portugal. The interpretation of a seismic anomaly, presented at 6th World Multidisciplinary Earth Sciences Symposium WMESS 2020, 7-11 September 2020, Prague, Czech Republic.
Abstract: Four heat flow density values and five temperature-depth profiles were obtained in an heterogeneous region considering heat flow by conduction in the vertical direction, and heat sources in the crust due to radioactivity decay. The heat produced in the upper layers of the crust was obtained based in gamma-ray charts and published data of laboratory radioactivity measurements on samples taken from the region. Seismic data were used to obtain the thickness of the different layers of the upper and middle crust and the depth of the Moho discontinuity considered coincident with the crust/mantle boundary. The heat flow at the surface is obtained by adding the heat flow from the mantle with the heat generated by the radioactive sources in the crust. The method was applied to a region with one measured heat flow density value (Ourense) and four points without any heat flow density measurement. A heat flow value from the mantle was obtained with Ourense data. A special attention was given to a region (A) with a seismic anomaly near the surface. The anomaly was explained by mass deficit near the surface that gives rise to an abnormal density value and an increase in seismic wave velocity values. The decrease in density is due to the presence of water in the region forming an aquifer. Geothermometer values obtained from samples of water in the thermal springs of Tuy (Spain ) and Monção (Portugal ) were used as the water temperature at the bottom of the aquifer. Isostatic balance in the region was considered to obtain density values and the amount of water in the region. Thermal conductivity and radioactivity heat source values in the region were obtained considering the amount of water in the region. Values from 86 to 95 mW/m2 were obtained using the same value of heat flow from the mantle. This is due to different values of heat produced in the crust due to different thickness layer values or/and to different heat production values.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:FIS - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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