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Title: Expression Profile of PIN-Formed Auxin Efflux Carrier Genes during IBA-Induced In Vitro Adventitious Rooting in Olea europaea L.
Authors: Velada, Isabel
Cardoso, Hélia
Porfirio, Sara
Peixe, Augusto
Issue Date: 17-Jan-2020
Abstract: Exogenous auxins supplementation plays a central role in the formation of adventitious roots (AR) for several plant species. However, the molecular mechanisms underlying the process of adventitious rooting are still not completely understood and many plants with economic value, including several olive cultivars, exhibit a recalcitrant behavior towards cutting propagation, which limits its availability in plant nurseries. PIN-formed proteins are auxin efflux transporters that have been widely characterized in several plant species due to their involvement in many developmental processes including root formation. The present study profiled the expression of the OePIN1a-c, OePIN2b, OePIN3a-c, OePIN5a-c, OePIN6, and OePIN8 gene members during indole-3-butyric acid (IBA)-induced in vitro adventitious rooting using the olive cultivar ‘Galega vulgar’. Gene expression analysis by quantitative real time PCR (RT-qPCR) showed drastic downregulation of most transcripts, just a few hours after explant inoculation, in both nontreated and IBA-treated microcuttings, albeit gene downregulation was less pronounced in IBA-treated stems. In contrast, OePIN2b showed a distinct expression pattern being upregulated in both conditions, and OePIN5b was highly upregulated in IBA-induced stems. All transcripts, except OePIN8, showed different expression profiles between nontreated and IBA-treated explants throughout the rooting experiment. Additionally, high levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS) were observed soon after explant preparation, decreasing a few hours after inoculation. Altogether, the results suggest that wounding-related ROS production, associated with explant preparation for rooting, may have an impact on auxin transport and distribution via changes in OePIN gene expression. Moreover, the application of exogenous auxin may modulate auxin homeostasis through regulation of those genes, leading to auxin redistribution throughout the stem-base tissue, which may ultimately play an important role in AR formation.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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