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Title: Evaluation of Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS) and Remote Sensing (RS) for Estimating Pasture Quality in Mediterranean Montado Ecosystem
Authors: Serrano, João
Shahidian, S.
Marques da Silva, J.
Paixão, L.
Carreira, E.
Carmona-Cabezas, R.
Nogales-Bueno, J.
Rato, Ana Elisa
Editors: MDPI
Keywords: spectrometry
pasture quality index
normalized difference vegetation index
normalized difference water index
decision making
Issue Date: Jun-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Citation: Serrano, J., Shahidian, S., Marques da Silva, J., Paixão, L., Carreira, E., Carmona-Cabezas, R., Nogales-Bueno, J., Rato, A.E. (2020). Evaluation of near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and remote sensing (RS) for estimating pasture quality in Mediterranean Montado ecosystem. Applied Sciences, 10, 4463. doi:10.3390/app10134463
Abstract: Pasture quality monitoring is a key element in the decision making process of a farm manager. Laboratory reference methods for assessing quality parameters such as crude protein (CP) or fibers (neutral detergent fiber: NDF) require collection and analytical procedures involving technicians, time, and reagents, making them laborious and expensive. The objective of this work was to evaluate two technological and expeditious approaches for estimating and monitoring the evolution of the quality parameters in biodiverse Mediterranean pastures: (i) near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) combined with multivariate data analysis and (ii) remote sensing (RS) based on Sentinel-2 imagery to calculate the normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and the normalized difference water index (NDWI). Between February 2018 and March 2019, 21 sampling processes were carried out in nine fields, totaling 398 pasture samples, of which 315 were used during the calibration phase and 83 were used during the validation phase of the NIRS approach. The average reference values of pasture moisture content (PMC), CP, and NDF, obtained in 24 tests carried out between January and May 2019 in eight fields, were used to evaluate the RS accuracy. The results of this study showed significant correlation between NIRS calibration models or spectral indices obtained by remote sensing (NDVIRS and NDWIRS) and reference methods for quantifying pasture quality parameters, both of which open up good prospects for technological-based service providers to develop applications that enable the dynamic management of animal grazing.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:ERU - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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