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Title: Identifying critical thresholds to guide management practices in agroecosystems: Insights from bird community response to an open grassland-toforest gradient
Authors: Salgueiro, Pedro
Mira, António
Rabaça, João Eduardo
Santos, Sara M.
Keywords: Ecological thresholds
Bird community
Turnover patterns
Tree canopy cover gradient
Variegated landscape
Huisman-Olff-Fresco models
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier - Ecological Indicators
Citation: Salgueiro, P.A.M Mira, A.; Rabaça, J.E.; Santos, S.M. 2018. Identifying critical thresholds to guide management practices in agroecosystems:. Insights from bird community response to an open grassland-to forest gradient. Ecological Indicators, 88:205-213
Abstract: Landscapes are showing increased fragmentation and habitat loss due to land-use conversion and intensification, leading to species-poor and homogeneous communities. The identification of ecological thresholds above which major changes in community composition take place, may prevent the critical downfall of biodiversity while improving the effectiveness of conservation, resource management and restoration practices. In this study, we provide a new insight on how species distribute along a highly variegated agro-ecosystem in the Mediterranean region. We aim to define the thresholds of occurrence of a bird community inhabiting a tree canopy gradient, and determine the patterns of community change. We fit Huisman-Olff-Fresco models to bird occurrence data (assuming non-linear responses) to identify species-specific responses to the gradient, species richness, and turnover patterns. The tree canopy gradient is responsible for major changes in bird community likely related to the variation of the tree stratum and canopy enclosure which reflect different niche segregation opportunities. Maximum species richness was reached at 10% canopy cover while total turnover rate was higher than expected from a null model up to 10% canopy cover. Ecological thresholds can be used as indicators of specific resource limits responsible for changes in community composition and species occurrence, identifying where populations may be more sensitive. Choosing a single management scheme will invariably result in winners and losers, but optimal levels of management can be explored in order to maximize species diversity across Mediterranean agroecosystems.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
BIO - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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