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Title: Olive Mild Mosaic Virus Coat Protein and P6 are suppressors of RNA silencing, and their silencing confers resistance against OMMV
Authors: Varanda, Carla
Materatski, Patrick
Campos, Maria Doroteia
Clara, Maria Ivone
Nolasco, Gustavo
Félix, Maria do Rosário
Keywords: RNA silencing
Plant Protection
Plant Viruses
Issue Date: 9-Aug-2018
Publisher: Viruses - MDPI
Citation: Varanda et al., 2018
Abstract: RNA silencing is an important defense mechanism in plants, yet several plant viruses encode proteins that suppress this mechanism. In this study, the genome of the Olive mild mosaic virus (OMMV) was screened for silencing suppressors. The full OMMV cDNA and 5 OMMV open reading frames (ORFs) were cloned into the Gateway binary vector pK7WG2, transformed into Agrobacterium tumefaciens, and agroinfiltrated into N. benthamiana 16C plants. CP and p6 showed suppressor activity, with CP showing significantly higher activity than p6, yet activity that was lower than the full OMMV, suggesting a complementary action of CP and p6. These viral suppressors were then used to induce OMMV resistance in plants based on RNA silencing. Two hairpin constructs targeting each suppressor were agroinfiltrated in N. benthamiana plants, which were then inoculated with OMMV RNA. When silencing of both suppressors was achieved, a significant reduction in viral accumulation and symptom attenuation was observed as compared to those of the controls, as well as to when each construct was used alone, proving them to be effective against OMMV infection. This is the first time that a silencing suppressor was found in a necrovirus, and that two independent proteins act as silencing suppressors in a virus member of the Tombusviridae family.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
FIT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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