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Title: Time-space distribution of silicic plutonism in a gneiss dome of the Iberian Variscan Belt: The Évora Massif (Ossa-Morena Zone, Portugal)
Authors: Dias da Silva, Í.
Pereira, M.F.
Silva, J.B.
Gama, C.
Keywords: Gneiss dome
Variscan orogeny
Évora Massif
Synorogenic extension
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Dias da Silva, I., Pereira, M.F., Silva, J.B., Gama, C. (2018). Time-space distribution of silicic plutonism in a gneiss dome of the Iberian Variscan Belt: The Évora Massif (Ossa-Morena Zone, Portugal). Tectonophysics 747-748: 298-317
Abstract: In the Iberian Variscan Belt, polyphasic deformation has been recognized as comprising an early phase of crustal thickening, followed by an intermediate phase of crustal extension and doming, and a later phase of shortening. The Évora Massif is a gneiss dome of the westernmost domains of the Ossa-Morena Zone (SW Iberia), which provides a remarkable insight into the late Paleozoic deep crustal structure of the Variscan continental crust of northern Gondwana. In this study, we bring new structural and geochronological U-Pb data for the northern hanging-wall of the Évora Massif. We describe the existence of low-dipping D2 extensional shear zones associated with Buchan-type metamorphism (M2); this enables three tectono-metamorphic units to be distinguished: the Lower Gneiss Unit, the Intermediate Schist Unit, and the Upper Slate Unit. D2-M2 structures experienced sub- horizontal shortening (D3) and were transposed by low-plunging folding, thrusting and strike-slip faulting. Zircon grains extracted from Pavia quartz-feldspathic gneiss of the Lower Gneiss Unit yielded a crystallization age of ca. 521 Ma (Cambrian Stage 2–3), which establishes a correlation with tectono-metamorphic units of the footwall and southern hanging-wall of the Évora Massif. U-Pb zircon dating of Divôr foliated quartz-diorite (339 ± 7 Ma), Malarranha weakly foliated biotite-rich granite (322 ± 3 Ma), and undeformed porphyritic granite of the Pavia pluton (314 ± 4 Ma) constrain the timing of emplacement of granitic magmas synchro- nously with doming. Carboniferous magmatism initiated with doming (ME1 - ca. 343–335 Ma), continued through D2-M2 (ME2 - ca. 328–319 Ma), and lasted until the waning stage of crustal extension (ME3 - ca. 317–313 Ma). The Évora Massif gneiss dome probably formed as result of the combined effect of gravitational collapse of the thickened crust and buoyancy-driven gravitational instability developed in the partially molten continental crust influenced by the transfer of heat from rising mantle-derived (i.e. dioritic-gabbroic) magmas rocks found in the footwall of the Évora Massif.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:GEO - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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