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Title: Upper Morgado Shelter, Still a Peripheral Funeral Context, or Perhaps Not? (Tomar, Central Portugal)
Authors: Cruz, Ana
Senna-Martinez, João Carlos
Santos, Luís
Relvado, Cláudia
Ribeiro, Cheila
Fernandes, Teresa
Curto, Ana
Editors: Cruz, Ana
Gibaja, Juan
Keywords: Shelter
Primary burial
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: BAR Publishing
Citation: Ana Cruz, João Carlos de Senna-Martinez, Luis Santos, Cláudia Relvado, Cheila Ribeiro, Teresa Fernandes, Ana Curto (2018) Upper Morgado Shelter, Still a Peripheral Funeral Context, or Perhaps Not? (Tomar, Central Portugal). In: Cruz A, Gibaja JF (Eds) Interchange in Pre- and Protohistory: Case Studies in Iberia, Romania, Turkey and Israel. British Archaeological Reports Limited, ISBN 9781407316369; BAR, Vol 2891 BAR International, Chapter 8: 91-105.
Abstract: The Upper Morgado shelter is a karst cavity located in the Nabão river valley whose material culture is in many aspects associated to the dolmen world. This shelter was used and reused in a long diachrony (since Neolithic times until the Early Bronze Age). Exchange and /or Interchange is confirmed through the occurrence of some metal artefacts that observed a complete set of relationships with items found travelling through the Portuguese Estremadura and Alentejo, across borders to Almeria and as far as far as France. The upper Morgado shelter fits the purpose of a long-term study where the thesis that the funerary features themselves travelled across borders as ideological exchange. Recent research found several ritual actions regarding the systematic burial of individuals of both sexes and of all ages. Since the primary burial, in an unstructured pit, that with time transforms itself into a Chalcolithic ossuary; further complemented with vestigial nuclei of human bones from the Neolithic. Those ossuaries were posteriorly displaced and containerised in a circular rock structure, with small rock niche-ossuary structures containing a limited number of unstructured bones. All this material culture behaviour results in the complex nature of this site.
ISBN: 9781407316369
Type: bookPart
Appears in Collections:BIO - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros

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