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Title: School achievement in Portuguese as a native language: The influence of family support
Authors: Pires, H.
Candeias, A.
Gracio, L.
Galindo, E.
Melo, M.
Keywords: School performance
School Psychology
family support
Issue Date: 2017
Citation: Pires. H., Candeias, A., Grácio, L., Galindo, E. & Melo, M. (2017). School achievement in Portuguese as a native language: The influence of family support according to gender. Frontiers in Psychology. 8, 1610. Doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2017.01610
Abstract: Several factors like pupil characteristics, school conditions and family context have been pointed out in the literature as being linked to academic achievement. Regarding the latter, family socio-economic status and parental support have been identified as determining variables on success at school. The current study analyses the influence of family support on the performance of school children in their native language (Portuguese). Participants were 885 students attending Portuguese basic and secondary schools (6th and 9th school grades) (ISCED 1), 418 boys and 467 girls, ranged between 10 and 18 years of age (M=12.99). School performance was assessed using year-end Portuguese grades. Family support was assessed using the Family Support-Context Variables Questionnaire. A regression analysis showed that students’ perception about instrumental and affective family support in school life was positively related to their Portuguese grades. However, different predictive values were revealed according to gender. Girls’ Portuguese performance seemed to depend on affective variables like their perception of affective parental support and affective attitudes towards the Portuguese language, while boys´ results seemed to be influenced by instrumental variables, such as the perception of instrumental support from parents and boys’ attitudes toward the utility of learning Portuguese. These results supported those of other studies, showing the need to take gender differences into account in educational interventions, especially during early adolescence. In conclusion, the study shows an influence of parental support on Portuguese performance. Said influence differs according to gender, with girls being more sensitive to the affective dimension of parental support and boys to the instrumental one.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:CIEP - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings

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