Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Title: New insights on Late Bronze Age Cu-metallurgy from Coles de Samuelhoard (Central Portugal): A combined multi-analytical approach
Authors: schiavon, nicola
bottaini, carlo
candeias, antonio
mirao, jose
Keywords: Central Portugal
Late Bronze Age
Metal hoards
Oprical Microscopy
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Citation: Journal of Archaeological Science: Reports 7,344-357
Abstract: The hoard from Coles de Samuel is one of the largest Cu-based metal collections from the Late Bronze Age (LBA) (13th–8th centuries BC) ever found in Central Portugal, consisting of 18 artefacts which typologically display a strong regional identity. In the present study, an integrated multi-analytical approach combining Energy Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) analysis, OpticalMicroscopy (OM) and Scanning ElectronMicroscopy with Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) has been used to characterise the artefacts both from a chemical and microstructural point of view with the aim to unravel their elemental composition and technological features. Results show that all artefacts are made of binary bronze (Cu-Sn) alloys, with a Sn content in the range of 8.7 ± 0.9 and 13.0±1.0wt%,with minor elements (Pb, As and Fe) never exceeding 1.1 wt% in total. The microstructure of the vast majority of the metal objects (13 out of 18) shows the presence of equiaxial α-copper grains with annealing twins and slip bands suggesting that, in the manufacturing process, they were subjected to forging plus annealing cycles. The remains of the objects present an as-cast microstructure constituted by dendritic structures, suggesting that metals did not suffer any thermo-mechanical operation after being removed from the mould. Pb, Ag and Au-rich globules together with Cu–S and unalloyed Cu-inclusions have been observed as well, resulting from impurities from ores. The typological characterisation of these metals and their archaeometallurgical data are consistentwith an indigenous LBA Iberian metallurgical production
URI: doi: 10.1016/j.jasrep.2016.05.009
Type: article
Appears in Collections:HERCULES - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Bottaini et al. 2016.pdf11.44 MBAdobe PDFView/Open
FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInDiggGoogle BookmarksMySpaceOrkut
Formato BibTex mendeley Endnote Logotipo do DeGóis 

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


Dspace Dspace
DSpace Software, version 1.6.2 Copyright © 2002-2008 MIT and Hewlett-Packard - Feedback
UEvora B-On Curriculum DeGois