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Title: From the Humpata Plateau to Namibe Desert, SW Angola
Authors: Pinho, António B.
Gonçalves, António O.
Morais, Eduardo A.
Duarte, Isabel M. R.
Lopes, Luís
Editors: Pinho, António B.
Gonçalves, António O.
Morais, Eduardo M.
Duarte, Isabel M. R.
Lopes, Luís
Keywords: 35th International Geological Congress 2016
Field Trip in SW Angola
Kunene Anorthosite Complex
Earthen Construction
Humpata Plateau
Carbonatites of Tchivira and Bonga
Namibe Desert
Lubango, Huila
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Universidade de Évora / Instituto de Ciências da Terra
Citation: Pinho, A.B., Gonçalves, A.O., Morais, E.A., Duarte, I.M.R. & Lopes, L. (2016). From the Humpata Plateau to the Namibe Desert, SW Angola. (Depósito legal:413694/16, ISBN:978-989-8550-35-4)[Brochure, Field Trip Guidebook].Évora: Universidade de Évora. Instituto de Ciências da Terra.
Abstract: After the Congress, a six-day field trip, will be held through three southwestern provinces of Angola (Huíla, Namibe and Cunene), every day starting and ending in the city of Lubango, for overnight stay in Lubango, with the purpose to observe some of the main sites of geological interest in this zone of Angola. The itinerary of this field trip presents the geologic history of Southwestern Angola and its evolution in the scope of the Congo Craton, through a trip that begins in the first excursion days by the oldest geologic formations and phenomena until the recent geologic formations and phenomena on the last excursion days. On the first and second excursion days, September 5th and September 6th, the field trip will go along the Kunene Anorthosite Complex of Angola (KAC), to observe some petrographic features of the KAC that are important to understand the emplacement of this huge igneous massif of the early Kibarean age. These days of the field trip allow the observation of Earthen Construction, because this region of Cunene is privileged to appreciate a kind of Eco-construction, made of raw earth and in wattle and daub, built with ancient techniques, which constitute a real GeoHeritage. On September 7th, in the morning, the destination will be Tundavala, to visit Tundavala Gap, a huge escarpment of more than 1,000 m high cutted in Neo-Archean and Paleo-Proterozoic igneous rocks, the Ruins of Tundavala (quartzite blocks with sedimentary structures) and Tundavala Waterfalls on a quartzitic scarp. After lunch, the field trip continues towards Humpata plateau to observe the panoramic view over Lubango city from the Statue of Cristo Rei, then the outcrops of dolomitic limestones with stromatolites and dolerites and finally the Leba passage, a huge escarpment and one of the most spectacular parts of the Serra da Chela, traversed by a mountain road built in the early 70s of the last century, that can be observed from the belvedere of the Serra da Chela. On September 8th, the destination is the carbonatite complexes of Tchivira and Bonga, belonging to the Mesozoic alkaline massifs of ultrabasic rocks, a rift valley system that occurs during the Early Cretaceous. In this forth excursion day, due to the huge dimensions of these two carbonatite structures it will be visited, only, the Complex of Bonga, namely the outcrops of the northern part of the structure and secondary deposits on the boundary on the southern part of the of the Complex. The last two excursion days, September 9th and September 10th, are to observe the Cretaceous Basin of Namibe. On September 9th, the northern part of Namibe Basin will be visited to observe the volcanic basic rocks of Namibe as well as the interesting paleontological site of Bentiaba. On September 10th, the destination is the southern and more recent part of Namibe Basin, where on the Namib Desert, the exotic plant Welwitschia mirabilis can be observed, as well as Arco, an oasis in the desert. This last excursion day, ends up at the dunes of Tombwa near the mouth of Curoca river and the beautiful bay of Tombwa, where can be observed heavy minerals in their beach sands.
ISBN: 978-989-8550-35-4
Type: book
Appears in Collections:GEO - Publicações - Livros

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