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|Title: ||Methods of earth building in the Huila Province, Angola|
|Authors: ||Wachilala, Piedade|
Duarte, Isabel M. R.
Pinho, António B.
|Editors: ||Tahirkheli, Sharon|
|Keywords: ||Earth building|
Traditional construction techniques
|Issue Date: ||2016|
|Citation: ||WACHILALA, P., DUARTE, I.M.R., PINHO, A.B., (2016). METHODS OF EARTH BUILDING IN THE HUILA PROVINCE, ANGOLA. Paper number 4946. Abstract 35th International Geological Congress, Cape Town, South Africa. (http://www.americangeosciences.org/information/igc)|
|Abstract: ||In Angola, the construction made of raw earth is a cultural heritage widely used by low income households, representing over 80% of the population [1, 3]. In Huila province is evident construction in raw earth in a large scale, either in urban or in periurban and rural areas. The construction methods follow the ancestral standards, distributed throughout the region of Huila, being built by the several ethnic groups. Among the construction techniques in earth, stand out: the adobe, wattle-and-daub and more recently on CEB (Compressed Earth Block). The type of soil used to make the adobes is mainly silty-clayed sand . The most applied materials are: rods, reeds, wood, grass, straw, soil and stone, almost with the same characteristics . The manufacture of adobe, consists essentially in mixing clay and grass (plant fibers), then put the mixture inside a wooden mold, having a size of 42 cm long and 18 cm high and taking three to four days to dry and be applied in housing construction. The application of these materials makes the construction less expensive because they are collected, transformed and applied by the owner himself of housing without any project, based only on the result of the practice and experience acquired from their ancestors. They are simple constructions, presenting a typology of grouped and isolated single-family housing, ranging between 2 and 3 bedrooms . The construction techniques used in such small housings have positive environmental aspects, both as regards the materials employed, such as the manner in which the constructions are raised, showing special concerns for the quality improvement of them, as regards the resistance, durability and comfort .|
|Appears in Collections:||GEO - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings|
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