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Title: Tectonic evolution of Variscan Iberia: Gondwana–Laurussia
Authors: Diez Fernandez, Ruben
Arenas, Ricardo
Pereira, M. Francisco
Sanchez-Martinez, Sonia
Albert, Richard
Martin Parra, Luis-Miguel
Rubio Pascual, Francisco-J.
Matas, Jeronimo
Keywords: European geodynamics
Variscan sutures
Allochthonous complexes
Iberian massif
Paleozoic tectonics
Pangea amalgamation
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Díez Fernández R, Arenas R, Pereira MF, Sánchez-Martínez S, Albert R, Martín Parra LM, Rubio Pascual FJ, Matas J (2016)Tectonic evolution of Variscan Iberia: Gondwana–Laurussia collision revisited. earth Science reviews 162: 269-292.
Abstract: An integrated interpretation of the late Paleozoic structural and geochronological record of the Iberian Massif is presented and discussed under the perspective of a Gondwana-Laurussia collision giving way to the Variscan orogen. Compressional and extensional structures developed during the building of the Variscan orogenic crust of Iberia are linked together into major tectonic events operating at lithosphere scale. A review of the tectonometamorphic and magmatic evolution of the IberianMassif reveals backs and forths in the overall conver- gence between Gondwana and Laurussia during theamalgamation of Pangea in late Paleozoic times. Stages dom- inated by lithosphere compression are characterized by subduction, both oceanic and continental, development of magmatic arcs, (over- and under-) thrusting of continental lithosphere, and folding. Variscan convergence re- sulted in the eventual transference of a large allochthonous set of peri-Gondwanan terranes, the Iberian Allochthon, onto the Gondwana mainland. The Iberian Allochthon bears the imprint of previous interaction be- tween Gondwana and Laurussia, including their juxtaposition after the closure of the Rheic Ocean in Lower De- vonian times. Stages governed by lithosphere extension are featured by the opening of two short-lived oceanic basins that dissected previous Variscan orogenic crust, first in the Lower-Middle Devonian, following the closure of the Rheic Ocean, and then in the early Carboniferous, following the emplacement of the peri-Gondwanan allochthon. An additional, major intra-orogenic extensional event in the early-middle Carboniferous dismem- bered the Iberian Allochthon into individual thrust stacks separated by extensional faults and domes. Lateral tec- tonics played an important role through the Variscan orogenesis, especially during the creation of new tectonic blocks separated by intracontinental strike-slip shear zones in the late stages of continental convergence.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:GEO - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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