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Title: The Branches of Large Electricity Companies in Portugal: From Trade to the Transfer and Adaptation of Technology (20th Century)
Authors: Matos, Ana Cardoso de
Sampaio, Maria da Luz
Editors: Beltran, Alain
Laborie, Léonard
Lanthier, Pierre
Le Gallic, Stéphanie
Keywords: Electrification
electricity companies
Technology Transfer
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Peter Lang Editions
Citation: Ana Cardoso de Matos e Maria da Luz Sampaio, 2016, “The Branches of Large Electricity Companies in Portugal: From Trade to the Transfer and Adaptation of Technology (20th Century)”, In Alain Beltran, Léonard Laborie, Pierre Lanthier et Stéphanie Le Gallic, Electric Worlds/Mondes électriques. Creations, Circulations, Tensions, Transitions, Peter Lang Editions, 2016, pp.121-148. [ISBN: 9782875743305]
Abstract: In the last decade of the 19th and first decades of the 20th century there was a movement of capital and engineers from the central and northern Europe to the countries of southern Europe and other continents. Large companies sought to obtain concessions and establish branches in Portugal, favouring the circulation of technical knowledge and transfer of technology for Portuguese industry. Among the various examples of the representatives of foreign companies in Portugal we find Jayme da Costa Ltd. established in 1916 in Lisbon, which was a branch of the Swedish company ASEA, as well as STAAL, ATLAS DIESEL (Sweden), Landis & GYR (Switzerland), Electro Helios, etc.. Another example is EFACEC a company founded in 1948 in Porto, that was a partnership between the Portuguese company CUF – Companhia União Fabril, and ACEC – Ateliers de Constructions Électriques de Charleroi and a small entreprise Electro-Moderna Ldª. This enterprise started the industrial production of electric motors and transformers, and later on acquired a substantial share of the national production of electrical equipment. Using Estatística das Instalações Elétricas em Portugal (Statistics on Electrical Installations in Portugal) from 1928 until 1950 we can identify the foreign enterprises acting in the Portuguese market: Siemens, B.B.C, ASEA, Oerlikon, etc. We can also establish a relationship between the development of the electric network and the growth of production and consumption of electricity in the principal urban centres. Finally we see how foreign firms were a stimulus to the creation of national enterprises, especially those of small scale, in Portugal.
Type: bookPart
Appears in Collections:HIS - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros
CIDEHUS - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros

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