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Title: STAR Modeling of Pulmonary Tuberculosis Delay-Time in Diagnosis
Authors: de Sousa, Bruno
Gomes, Dulce
Filipe, Patrícia A.
Areias, Cristiana
Briz, Teodoro
Pires, Carlos
Nunes, Carla
Editors: Alleva, G.
Giommi, A.
Keywords: STAR Model
Pulmonary Tuberculosis
Survival Analysis
Spatial Analysis
Issue Date: 2016
Publisher: Springer
Abstract: Understanding what characterizes patients who suffer great delays in diagnosis of pulmonary tuberculosis is of great importance when establishing screening strategies to better control TB. Greater delays in diagnosis imply a higher chance for susceptible individuals to become infected by a bacilliferous patient. A Structured Additive Regression model is attempted in this study in order to potentially contribute to a better characterization of bacilliferous prevalence in Portugal. The main findings suggest the existence of significant regional differences in Portugal, with the fact of being female and/or alcohol dependent contributing to an increased delay-time in diagnosis, while being dependent on intravenous drugs and/or being diagnosed with HIV are factors that increase the chance of an earlier diagnosis of pulmonary TB. A decrease in 2010 to 77% on treatment success in Portugal underlines the importance of conducting more research aimed at better TB control strategies.
ISBN: 978-3-319-27272-6
Type: bookPart
Appears in Collections:CIMA - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros
MAT - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros

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