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Title: Understanding significant precipitation in Madeira island using high-resolution numerical simulations of real cases
Authors: Couto, Flavio
Ducrocq, Véronique
Salgado, Rui
Costa, Maria João
Keywords: orographic precipitating systems
Madeira island
Issue Date: Nov-2016
Publisher: Royal Meteorological Society
Citation: Couto, F. T., Ducrocq, V., Salgado, R., Costa, M. J., 2016: Understanding significant precipitation in Madeira island. Q. J. R. Meteorol. Soc. (2016) DOI:10.1002/qj.2918
Abstract: In order to advance the knowledge about precipitation development over Madeira island, four rainfall patterns are investigated based on high-resolution numerical simulations performed with the MESO-NH model. The main environmental conditions during these precipitation periods are examined, and important factors leading to significant accumulated precipitation in Madeira are shown. We found that the combination of orographic effect and atmospheric conditions is essential for the establishment of each situation. Under a moist and conditionally unstable atmosphere, convection over the island is triggered, and its location was determined mainly by variations of the ambient flow, which was also associated with different moist Froude numbers. Interestingly, our results showed some similarities with situations discussed in idealized studies. However, the real variations of the atmospheric configuration confirm the complexity of significant precipitation development in mountainous regions. In addition, precipitating systems initially formed over the ocean were simulated reaching the island. The four periods were characterised by different time durations, and the local terrain interacting with the mesoscale circulation was decisive in producing a large part of the precipitation, which concentrated in distinct regions of the island induced by the airflow dynamic.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:ICT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
FIS - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
CGE - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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