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|Title: ||Scaling relations of branching pulsatile flows|
|Authors: ||Silva, Carla|
Reis, A. Heitor
|Keywords: ||Pulsatile flow|
|Issue Date: ||2015|
|Citation: ||C. Silva, A. H. Reis, “Scaling relations of branching pulsatile flows”, Int. J. of Thermal Sciences, 88, pp 77–83 (2015).|
|Abstract: ||Apparently complex flow structures obey to scaling relations that enable to make it viable the study of their configuration and flow dynamics. This is the case of flow structures that exhibit several branchinglevels and are thought to perform optimally.
Here we present scaling relations of diameters and lengths of branching cylindrical channels with pulsatile flows, and compare them with other relations published in the literature. It is shown that, under constant global volume of the flow tree, and for zero pulse frequency these scaling relations reduce to
Murrays's law of consecutive diameters. Optimal scaling depends on pulse frequency, distensibility of the
channel walls, and asymmetry of the daughter vessels. In case that in addition to global volume of the flow tree, the pressure head is also kept constant, a similar scaling law of channel lengths emerges that holds together with the law of diameter scaling. The effect of channel distensibility is shown to be somehow important, such that for achieving optimal performance (lowest impedance) channels with lower relative distensibility must have their diameter increased. Results are compared with those of other models for the case of some arteries.|
|Appears in Collections:||ICT - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica|
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