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Title: The relation between functional performance and satisfaction with life in elderly
Authors: Sousa, Nelson
Mendes, Romeu
Monteiro, Victor
Fernandes, Jorge
Keywords: Aging
Life satisfaction
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Revista de Saúde Pública
Citation: Sousa, Nelson ; MENDES, R. ; Monteiro, Victor ; Fernandes, Jorge . The relation between functional performance and satisfaction with life in elderly. In: 2º IPLeiria Congresso Internacional de Saúde: Desafios & Inovações em Saúde, 2014, Leiria. Rev Saúde Pública 2014. São Paulo: Umiversidade de São Paulo, 2014. v. 48. p. 1-342.
Abstract: THE RELATION BETwEEN FUNCTIONAL PERFORMANCE AND SATISFACTION wITH LIFE IN ELDERLy Nelson SousaI,a, Romeu MendesI, Victor MonteiroI, Jorge FernandesII ICentro de Investigação de Desporto, Saúde e Desenvolvimento Humano. Universidade de Trás- os-Montes e Alto Douro. Vila Real, Portugal IIUniversidade de Évora. Évora, Portugal Introduction: It is increasingly common in elderly care institutions the development of recreational and social activities, with the intuited to promote health and well-be- ing. However, most of the institutionalized elderly spent their time doing little or nothing, restricting their daily life activities. Objective: The purpose of the present study was to deter- mine the relationship between functional performance and self-perceived life satisfaction in elderly; and to understand the differences between institutionalized and non-institu- tionalized elderly from the northeast of Portugal. Methods: A total of 183 elderly (105 women and 78 men) participated in this cross-sectional study. The sam- ple was divided in institutionalized (n=85, 74.5±5.9 years, BMI=27.22±3.2 kg/m2) and non-institutionalized elderly (n=98, 73.6±5.5, BMI=28.9±3.3 kg/m2). Functional per- formance was assessed by the Timed Up & Go test (TUG) that is also a recommend tool for screening falls risk, and self-perceived life satisfaction by Satisfaction With Life Scale questionnaire (SWLS). Comparison of means and association between variables were performed by non-para- metric tests. Results: No significant associations were identified between TUG and SWLS. However, the non-institutionalized elderly showed a significantly superior performance on the TUG compared with the institutionalized elderly (8.0±1.6 vs. 11.0±2.4 seconds respectively, p<0.001). The non-insti- tutionalized elderly also expressed significantly higher values in SWLS (p<0.001). Conclusions: Non-institutionalized elderly are more fit, have lower tendencies to fall, and have greater life satis- faction compared to the institutionalized elderly. These results suggest that all interventions aimed to promote well-being of institutionalized elderly should consider increasing physical fitness. Descriptors:Aging. BMI. Fitness. Life satisfaction. Institutions.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:DES - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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