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Title: dispfit: An R package to estimate species dispersal kernels
Authors: Proença-Ferreira, António
Borda-de-Água, Luís
Porto, Miguel
Mira, António
Moreira, Francisco
Pita, Ricardo
Editors: Di Musciano, Michele
Rocchini, Duccio
Bacaro, Giovanni
Keywords: Dispersal distance
Dispersal kernel
Distribution function
Model selection
Species movement
Issue Date: Jul-2023
Publisher: Elsevier
Citation: Proença-Ferreira A., Borda-de-Água L., Porto M., Mira A., Moreira F., Pita R. (2023). dispfit: An R package to estimate species dispersal kernels. Ecological Informatics 75:102018
Abstract: Dispersal of organisms is a ubiquitous aspect of the natural world, with wide implications across scales and organization levels. Interest in dispersal has risen sharply over the past 30 years, mostly due to the multiple and rapid global changes ecosystems face. Among the various aspects that may characterize a dispersion event, dispersal distance is considered a key descriptor in a wide variety of studies across taxonomic groups. Typically, dispersal distances are defined in the form of dispersal kernels describing the dispersal distance distribution according to probability density functions. Although numerous methods providing dispersal data exist, there is still a lack of intuitive and comprehensive approaches and tools to estimate dispersal kernels from such data. Here we present the dispfit package, an R software application developed to fill this gap. dispfit fits and compares different families of parameterized functions to describe and predict dispersal distances. It includes 9 well-known and commonly used distributions, computes goodness-of-fit and model selection statistics, and estimate each distribution's parameters, along with their first four moments (mean, standard deviation, skewness, and kurtosis). We describe the main functions included in dispfit and provide an example to illustrate the workflow of the typical analyses performed within the package. We believe that dispfit will critically contribute to improving the modelling of species' dispersal distances, thus enhancing the understanding of the ecological and evolutionary processes involving dispersal movement.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:BIO - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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