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Title: Unraveling the dynamics of a ground-dwelling beetle population exposed to quarry exploitation and restoration practices
Authors: Eufrázio, Sofia
Oliveira, Amália
Miralto, Otília
Medinas, Denis
Silva, Carmo
Sá, Cátia
Mira, António
Salgueiro, Pedro
Keywords: Animal movement
Indicator species
Open sand habitats
Revegetation practices
Sand-dwelling beetle
Scarites cyclops
Issue Date: 2020
Publisher: Restoration Ecology
Citation: Eufrázio S.; Oliveira, A.; Miralto, O.; Medinas, D.; Silva, C.; Sá, C.; Mira, A.; Salgueiro, P. 2020. Unraveling the dynamics of a ground-dwelling beetle population exposed to quarry exploitation and restoration practices. Restoration Ecology, 28:697-705.
Abstract: Quarry exploitation and restoration practices are expected to have overarching and contrasting impacts on animal communities. Although many studies describe these impacts, they generally overlook the effects on population dynamics and individual movements.We assessed the impacts of quarry exploitation and restoration activity on population dynamics, individual movement, and habitat use of a sand-dwelling specialist beetle (Scarites cyclops). The study was performed on three plots: onenadjacent to the margin of quarry exploitation, another subjected to restoration practices, and a control plot with no disturbance. A capture-mark-recapture approach was undertaken to estimate population parameters, movement, and habitat use. In the exploitation plot S. cyclops exhibited lower probability of recapture and lower apparent survival, as well as many movements fleeing away from quarry limits. Habitat suitability modeling showed that the exploitation plot provided better habitat conditions for the species than the restoration plot. It exhibited higher bare ground cover with scattered clumps of vegetation and higher proportions of fine sand (<0.4 mm). In the restoration plot, S. cyclops population showed a lower abundance, with a higher rate of recaptures, and a more limited dispersal ability of the individuals. There is an apparent early stage of colonization nby S. cyclops in the restoration plot, but movements may already be hampered by unsuitable habitat restoration (higher herbaceous cover and different soil texture). We suggest preserving suitable habitat patches in the vicinity of the impacted areas and providing dispersal routes. Beyond vegetation, soil texture must be considered to allow local animal communities to establish in restored areas.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:MED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica
BIO - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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