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Title: Morphological and genomic assessment of divergence between closely related species of the genus Philaenus (Hemiptera, Aphrophoridae)
Authors: Neto, Carina
Rebelo, Maria Teresa
Gomes, Luís
Félix, Maria Rosáriio
Materatski, Patrick
Rei, Fernando Trindade
Keywords: Global warming
Xylella fastidiosa
Plant hosts
pest management
phytopathogenic bacterium
functional diversity
Issue Date: 29-Oct-2019
Citation: Neto C, Rebelo MT, Gomes L, Félix MR, Materatski P, Rei FT, 2019. Presence and diversity of Xf vectors, their vegetal hosts and functional diversity, under climatic conditions foreseen for the Iberian Peninsula due to the global warming effect. 2nd European conference on Xylella fastidiosa. Ajaccio, 29-30 October, 84-85.
Abstract: Xylella fastidiosa Wells et al. (Xf), as other phytopathogenic bacteria, is not directly controllable so disease management still largely relies on eliminating alternative hosts, suppressing xylem-feeding vector populations and using resistant cultivars. Its emergence in Europe with considerable negative impact on olive culture has emphasised the importance of extended monitoring of susceptible host plants and potential vectors, in regions with favourable conditions for bacterium spread. Under this assumption this study aimed to evaluate the presence and diversity of Xf vectors, their hosts and the potential role of functional diversity associated to vector’s natural enemies, under climatic conditions like those foreseen for the Iberian Peninsula, due to the global warming effect. Invertebrates were vacuum sampled during the Autumn of 2016, from olive canopies and weeds, in 117 sampling sites distributed by an olive production region with more than 16 thousand square kilometres, where 585 olive trees were sampled, after two successive years with summers and autumns with temperatures and drought above average. Auchenorrhyncha, predators and parasitoids were identified to the lowest taxonomic level possible. Philaenus tesselatus Melichar and Neophilaenus campestris (Fallén) were the identified potential Xf vectors. Abundance of vectors and natural enemies was compared between olive canopy and weeds through GLMs. Mean abundance was generally higher on weeds with statistically significant differences for all analysed taxa, except for Platygastroidea (Hymenoptera), Coccinellidae (Coleoptera) and Aranea. This study showed the resilience of potential Xf vectors under prolonged conditions of high temperature and dryness associated to global warming conditions, as well the notorious importance of weeds as hosts to vectors, despite their scarcity and availability, and reveals the existence of natural suppression relationships between potential vectors and parasitoids, even in these climatic conditions.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:FIT - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings

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