Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10174/9757

Title: Enzymatic systems as biomarkers of cultural heritage decay: A new approach to assess artworks biodeterioration status
Authors: Pires, Margarida
Rosado, Tânia
Mirão, José
Candeias, António
Martins, M. Rosário
Caldeira, A. Teresa
Editors: Correia, A.
Coimbra, M. A,
Keywords: cultural heritage
Enzymatic biomarkers
biodeterioration
Issue Date: Dec-2013
Publisher: Universidade de Aveiro
Citation: M. Pires, T. Rosado, M. Silva, J. Mirão, A. Candeias, M.R. Martins, A.T. Caldeira (2013). Enzymatic systems as biomarkers of cultural heritage decay: A new approach to assess artworks biodeterioration status. Abstrats Book of MicroBiotec’13 - Portuguese Congress of Microbiology and Biotecnhology, pp. 170, Universidade de Aveiro, Portugal.
Abstract: Cultural Heritage decay is a serious problem with social and economic impact. Mural painting is one of the artistic expressions widely represented in Portugal, which over the time has suffered numerous forms of deterioration. Heritage decay depends on the physical properties and chemical nature of the materials, several environmental parameters and biological agents. The most harmful organisms involved in biodeterioration are fungi and bacteria, which are responsible by loss of cohesion, cracks, detachment of the paint layer and biofilms formation, fact which may induce microorganisms development, increasing the damage and promoting pigment alterations and discolorations of the paintings due to their metabolic activity. The main goal of this work was to identify the biodeteriogenic agents, evaluate and understand their effect in the mural paintings by monitorization of metabolic activity, in order to obtain useful information for establish effective remediation strategies. Four enzymatic systems were chosen to assess the physiological features of the predominant mural paintings colonizers and their biodeteriorative potential. β-glucosidase, phosphatase and arylsulphatase carry out specific hydrolyses and catalyse reactions involved in the biogeochemical transformations of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus and sulphur. On the other hand, dehydrogenase, present in most of the microorganisms, detect viable organisms and can be considered an accurate measure of the microbial oxidative activity. Real mortar microfragments were also enzymatically monitored and analysed by SEM to detect microbial contamination.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10174/9757
Type: article
Appears in Collections:CQE - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings
ICAAM - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings

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