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Title: Porous medium burners for the combustion of gases from landfills. The direct simulation approach
Authors: Malico, Isabel
Keywords: Landfill gas
Energy valorization
Porous burners
Immersed boundary method
Issue Date: Sep-2013
Publisher: Wastes 2013
Citation: Malico, I. (2013). Porous medium burners for the combustion of gases from landfills. The direct simulation approach. 2nd International Conference on wastes: Solutions, treatments and opportunities – WASTES 2013, Braga, Portugal, 11-13 de Setembro.
Abstract: Landfill methane recovery associated to its conversion to carbon dioxide through combustion is a common greenhouse gas mitigation strategy in developed countries. The typically low and fluctuating energy content of landfill gas makes combustion challenging. Among the several possible energy conversion technologies, innovative porous burners are a potential option. These burners offer a set of advantages when compared to free flame burners, but are still under investigation. The development of reliable models specific for landfill gas combustion in porous burners can help understanding burner performance and the stability of the combustion process to fluctuations in methane concentration and flow rate. When considering porous burners, almost all the numerical studies apply the volume-average technique to the conservation equations and replace the complex structure of the surfaces that bound the phases by a fictitious model, in which each phase occupies the entire domain. This approach has produced valuable results but offers little detail as far as pore level characteristics are concerned. In the alternative direct numerical simulation approach, the transport phenomena are simulated through the real porous matrix structure. Due to its high computational costs, direct numerical simulations of porous medium combustion are rare. However, their potential is high.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:CEM - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings

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