Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
|Title: ||The impact of shifting cultivation in the forestry ecosystems of timor-leste|
|Authors: ||Maria, Jesus|
|Keywords: ||shifting cultivation|
|Issue Date: ||2012|
|Publisher: ||The impact of shifting cultivation in the forestry ecosystems of timor-leste|
|Citation: ||Jesus, Maria, Pedro Henriques, Pedro Laranjeira, Vanda Narciso, (2012),) (2012). The impact of shifting cultivation in the forestry ecosystems of timor-leste. in Atas do VII Congresso Português de Sociologia, Lisboa: APS. ISBN: 978-989-97981-0-6. Disponível em http://www.aps.pt/vii_congresso/?area=016&lg=pt.|
|Abstract: ||Every year thousands of hectares of forest are destructed as a result of the practice of swidden agriculture, shifting cultivation or "slush and burn" causing changes in forest ecosystems. In Timor- Leste shifting cultivation is still practiced nowadays as a form of subsistence agriculture.
Swidden agriculture is characterized by slash and burn clearing, by a rotation of fields rather than of
crops, and by short periods of cropping (1-3 years) alternating with long fallow periods.
Based on the characterization of shifting cultivation in two Sucos of Bobonaro district, a reflection is
made on the impact of this practice in the sustainable development of forest ecosystems of Timor-
Primary data collection was performed using a questionnaire survey of farmers practicing shifting cultivation. The questionnaire characterized shifting cultivation, and asked farmers’ opinion on slash and burning of forest areas and on the importance of forests.
According to the results obtained, in most situations the existing vegetation before the slash was composed of dense forest, the slash is made by the family group, the majority of farmers have been doing the “slush and burn” for more than ten years and the size of the plots where slash is made is less than 2 hectares. The materials resulting from the slash are used for firewood, building materials and fencing. The burning of vegetable residues is done before planting and soil preparation and sowing is done with a lever. Land and forest, despite having an individual use, have a tenure regime of ownership and access in which its nature of common pool good prevails. Every year thousands of hectares of forest are destructed as a result of the practice of swidden agriculture, shifting cultivation or "slush and burn" causing changes in forest ecosystems. In Timor-Leste shifting cultivation is still practiced nowadays as a form of subsistence agriculture.|
|Appears in Collections:||CEFAGE - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings|
ECN - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.