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Title: MSP-PCR and RAPD Molecular Biomarkers to characterize Amanita ponderosa mushrooms
Authors: Caldeira, A Teresa
Salvador, C
Pinto, F
Arteiro, J M
Martins, M R
Keywords: Amanita ponderosa
edible mushrooms
Issue Date: 2009
Publisher: Springer
Citation: Caldeira, A.T.; Salvador, C.; Pinto, F.; Arteiro, J.M.; Martins, M.R. (2009). MSP-PCR and RAPD Molecular Biomarkers to characterize Amanita ponderosa mushrooms. Annals of Microbiology, 59 (3) pp 629-634.
Abstract: Abstract - Amanita ponderosa is a specie of wild edible mushrooms growing spontaneously in some Mediterranean microclimates, namely in Alentejo and Andaluzia, in the Iberian Peninsula. The nutritional values of these fungi make them highly exportable. Due to the wide diversity of mushrooms in nature, it is essential to differentiate and to identify the various edible species. RAPD markers have been used as a valuable tool to distinguish the different genotypes, although this method has not yet been used to Amanita ponderosa. Two methods were used to establish different genetic fingerprinting patterns of edible mushrooms. Samples of Amanita ponderosa were collected in six different regions of the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula and compared by RAPD-PCR and MSP-PCR. Additionally, to compare molecular profiles with others genera of edible mushrooms, three species of Basidiomycetes (Pleurotus ostreatus, Lactarius deliciosus and Coriolus versicolor) and an Ascomycete were used. Results showed that some molecular markers discriminate among an Ascomycete from Basidiomycetes (Amanita ponderosa, Pleurotus ostreatus, Lactarius deliciosus and Coriolus versicolor) and discriminate among the different genera within basidiomycetes, as it is expected. Moreover, OPF-6, OPG-2, OPG3 and M13 primes allowed to unravel a level of genetic polymorphism within Amanita ponderosa mushrooms collected from different geographic origin.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:QUI - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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