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Title: Testing Alternative Theories of Gravity Using the Sun
Authors: Casanellas, Jordi
Pani, Paolo
Lopes, Ilidio
Cardoso, Vitor
Keywords: General Relativity
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2012
Abstract: We propose a new approach to test possible corrections to Newtonian gravity using solar physics. The high accuracy of current solar models and new precise observations allow us to constrain corrections to standard gravity at unprecedented levels. Our case study is Eddington-inspired gravity, an attractive modified theory of gravity which results in non-singular cosmology and collapse. The theory is equivalent to standard gravity in vacuum, but it sensibly differs from it within matter. For instance, it affects the evolution and the equilibrium structure of the Sun, giving different core temperature profiles, and deviations in the observed acoustic modes and in solar neutrino fluxes. Comparing the predictions from a modified solar model with observations, we constrain the coupling parameter of the theory, |κ g | <~ 3 × 105 m5 s-2 kg-1. Our results show that the Sun can be used to efficiently constrain alternative theories of gravity.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:FIS - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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