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Title: Institutional and Economical determinants of FDI: a comparison between the European Union and the MENA region
Authors: Galego, Aurora
Caetano, José
Keywords: Foreign Direct Investment
Middle East North Africa countries
European Union
Panel Data
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter, Inc
Citation: Galego, Aurora and José Catano (2012), “Institutional and Economical determinants of FDI: a comparison between the European Union and the MENA region”, Review of Middle East Economy and Finance, Volume 8, Issue 1, 1–23
Abstract: FDI flows to the MENA region have been relatively low when compared to neighboring countries. This paper aims at investigating whether there are significant region-specific factors for FDI performance in MENA and EU regions. We employ a panel data approach and use the inward FDI performance index as dependent variable, including both institutional and macroeconomic variables as FDI determinants. The results reveal similar impact of the economic factors but significant differences between the two regions on some institutional determinants, in particular in what concerns the investment climate, government size and trade barriers. This leads to the conclusion that more appropriate policies are needed in the MENA region in order to develop a friendly economic and institutional environment to attract foreign investors.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:CEFAGE - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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