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Title: Screening chickpea resistance to water deficits: the yield perspective.
Authors: Duarte, Isabel M.
Silva, Luis Leopoldo
Simões, Nuno
Imtiaz, M.
Pinheiro, Carla
Lourenço, Maria Ermelinda V.L.
Chaves, Maria Manuela
Keywords: chickpea
Issue Date: 2010
Citation: Duarte, Isabel M.; Silva, Luis Leopoldo; Simões, Nuno; Imtiaz, M.; Pinheiro, Carla; Lourenço, Maria Ermelinda V.L.; Chaves, Maria Manuela. Screening chickpea resistance to water deficits: the yield perspective. Trabalho apresentado em 5th European Plant Science Organisation Conference, In Abstracts of the 5th European Plant Science Organisation Conference, Helsinki, 2010.
Abstract: Screening a wide range of germplasm from our major crops (including legumes) to search for genetic variation of traits involved in stress resistance is extremely relevant in the context of predicted increase in aridity in several areas of the world, including the Mediterranean (1,2). On the other hand, the keystone of ‘crop drought resistance’ relies on the effective use by the crop of a limiting water supply (3,4). This can be achieved by choosing the appropriate genotype and/or agronomical practices such as the adjustment of crop phenology to its environment or the use of deficit irrigation. In the framework of the EU project KBBE-2008-212337 ‘Sustainable water use securing food production in dry areas of the Mediterranean region (SWUP-MED)’ we are studying a wide range of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) accessions in two sites (South Portugal and Syria/ICARDA) in what concerns yield potential under limiting and non-limiting soil water and the physiological traits underlying those responses. Chickpea is a widely grown grain legume offering high-quality protein, besides providing an input of N2 into the soil and a disease break in rotation with other crops. However, yield is still low in many of the growing regions, especially when terminal drought is likely to occur (5). We have identified a significant genetic variability in what concerns yield (from 1000 to above 2000kg. ha-1 under rainfed conditions), harvest index (from 25 to 60%) and plant water status under similar available soil water. Phenological differences may play an important role in explaining yield differences in the accessions studied. In addition to yield we will study seed quality traits as affected by the genotype and the environment. Our results will be used to model crop water requirements, predict yields and support breeding efforts (6).
Type: conferenceObject
Appears in Collections:MED - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais
ERU - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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