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Title: Acute physiological response to a normobaric hypoxic exposure: sex differences
Authors: Camacho‐Cardenosa, Alba
Camacho‐Cardenosa, Marta
Tomas-Carus, Pablo
Timón, Rafael
Olcina, Guillermo
Burtscher, Martin
Keywords: Heart rate
Oxygen saturation
Simulated altitude
Issue Date: Apr-2022
Publisher: SpringerLink
Citation: Camacho-Cardenosa A, Camacho-Cardenosa M, Tomas-Carus P, Timón R, Olcina G, Burtscher M. Acute physiological response to a normobaric hypoxic exposure: sex differences. Int J Biometeorol. 2022 Jul;66(7):1495-1504. doi: 10.1007/s00484-022-02298-y.
Abstract: Although preliminary studies suggested sex-related differences in physiological responses to altitude/hypoxia, controlled studies from standardised exposures to normobaric hypoxia are largely lacking. Hence, the goals of this study were to provide information on cardiorespiratory responses to a 7-h normobaric hypoxia exposure and to explore potential differences between men and women. In this crossover study, a total of 15 men and 14 women were subjected to a 7-h exposure in normoxia (FiO2: 21%) and normobaric hypoxia (FiO2: 15%). Values of peripheral oxygen saturation, heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure and respiratory gases were recorded every hour (8 time points), and oxygen saturation every 30 min (15 time points). Compared to normoxia, exposure to hypoxia significantly increased minute ventilation from baseline to hour 7 in males (+ 71%) and females (+ 40%), significantly greater in men (p < 0.05). A steeper decrease in peripheral oxygen saturation until 2.5 h in hypoxia was seen in females compared to males (p < 0.05). In conclusion, the ventilatory response to hypoxia was more pronounced in men compared to women. Moreover, during the first hours in hypoxia, peripheral oxygen saturation dropped more markedly in women than in men, likely due an initially lower and/or less efficient ventilatory response to moderate hypoxia. Those findings should be considered when performing interventions for therapy or prevention in normobaric hypoxia. Nevertheless, further large-scaled and well-controlled studies are needed.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:CHRC - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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