Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:

Title: Climate change towards more arid conditions in SW Iberia during the Holocene
Authors: Ribeiro, Carlos
Terrinha, Pedro
Voelker, Antje
Candeias, António
Azevedo, Maria do Rosário
Ribeiro, Sara
Rosado, Lucia
Keywords: Climate change
Issue Date: 2011
Publisher: Copernicus GmbH (Copernicus Publications) on behalf of the European Geosciences Union
Abstract: During Holocene, a limestone tuff system developed in the SW Iberia near the town of Tavira (Portugal). The system is characterized by a set of three dams built up by the precipitation of layered limestones. Each dam has a low-energy pond system upstream where fine grained detrital sediments accumulated. The stable isotopic composition (oxygen and carbon) of the limestone tuffs were studied in detail with the aim of deciphering the paleo-climatic conditions prevailing onshore in this area during the Holocene. The more relevant results can be summarized as follow: (i) 14C age determinations constrained de carbonate sedimentation to the period between 10.2 ka and 2.6 ka; (ii) X-ray diffraction shows that the mineralogical composition of the limestone tuffs is dominated by calcite although some minor amounts of detrital quartz and clay minerals are present in some of the samples; (iii) the oxygen stable isotope data of the limestone layers shows 18O values ranging between -5.52 and -2.79 per mil for the time interval under consideration; (iii) the possibility of a contribution of the surrounding Mesozoic formations to the isotopic composition of the limestone tuffs was discarded by the lack of correlation between the 87Sr/86Sr values and the oxygen and carbon isotope ratios; (iv) after decomposition of the time series the change of the 18O values throughout the Holocene is characterised by an initial stage with 18O values ranging between approximately -5.1 and -4.5 per mil which ends around 3.7 ka and is followed by a late stage with stronger differences between the minimum and the maximum of the oxygen isotope ratio values (-4.8 to -3.9 per mil); (v) during the time interval under consideration the values of 18O of the limestone tuffs exhibit a trend of slow and regular increase. The data on present day precipitation and isotopic composition of meteoric waters supports that the balance between evaporation and precipitation is the main factor controlling the fractionation of oxygen stable isotopes of the meteoric water in this region. The observed increase in 18O values throughout most of the Holocene can then be interpreted as the result of an increase in the amount of evaporation and/or a decrease on the amount of precipitation with the consequent change in the local climate conditions towards a more arid environment. This increase in the evaporation is most likely related to the increase in the atmospheric temperature during the climatic recovery following the Younger Dryas.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:GEO - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais
CGE - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
EGU2011-11411.pdf41.16 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
FacebookTwitterDeliciousLinkedInDiggGoogle BookmarksMySpaceOrkut
Formato BibTex mendeley Endnote Logotipo do DeGóis 

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.


Dspace Dspace
DSpace Software, version 1.6.2 Copyright © 2002-2008 MIT and Hewlett-Packard - Feedback
UEvora B-On Curriculum DeGois