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Title: Landslides in a changing climate: assessment of hazard and exposure in the Arrábida (Portugal)
Authors: Zêzere, José L.
Reis, Eusébio
Pereira, Susana
Santos, Pedro P.
Oliveira, Sérgio C.
Garcia, Ricardo A.C.
Melo, Raquel
Morais, Ana Rita
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: 10th International Conference on Geomorphology
Citation: Zêzere, J. L., Reis, E., Pereira, S., Santos, P., Oliveira, S., Garcia, R., Melo, R., and Morais, A. R.: Landslides in a changing climate: assessment of hazard and exposure in the Arrábida (Portugal), 10th International Conference on Geomorphology, Coimbra, Portugal, 12–16 Sep 2022, ICG2022-311,, 2022.
Abstract: This work aims to assess the landslide hazard, nowadays and at the end of the 21st century, considering the SSP2-4.5 and SSP5-8.5climate change scenarios. The exposure of residential buildings, roads and strategic equipment to landslide hazard is also assessed. The study area is a small alpine orogenic chain – the Arrábida - characterised by a complex geomorphology, developing along 35 km in the southern part of the Lisbon Metropolitan Area. The landslide susceptibility was assessed using a statistical method (Information Value), using seven landslide predisposing factors: slope, aspect, slope curvature, topographic position index, topographic humidity index, lithology, and land use. These factors were crossed with a landslide inventory containing 4047 rainfall-triggered landslides occurred in 19 municipalities belonging to the Lisbon and Tagus Valley region, which includes the study area. The obtained susceptibility model was cross-checked with 197 rainfall-triggered landslides that were inventoried in the Arrábida in 2012, based on aerial photo interpretation and fieldwork. The date of occurrence of most landslides is unknown, but we assume that the morphological maintenance of landslides in the landscape is less than 20 years. The landslide susceptibility map was classified based on the slope breaks of the prediction-rate curve, and the current landslide probability was computed for each grid cell within each landslide susceptibility class. Landslides in the Arrábida have been typically associated with intense rainfall episodes lasting a few days (5 to 15 days). The estimation of the future landslide probability considered the critical rainfall thresholds established for the Lisbon region by Vaz et al. (2018): (regression threshold, R= 5.5D +124.6; minimum threshold, R= 4.4D + 56.5, where R is the critical rainfall, and D is the number of consecutive days). In a recent work, Araújo (2021) projected the critical rainfall thresholds for landsliding in the Lisbon region for the end of the 21st century, in the context of climate change (SSP2-4.5 and SSP5-8.5 scenarios) and considering 4 accumulated rainfall time scales (1 day, 10 days, 30 days and 60 days). The projections for the duration of 10 days are of special interest for the case study, indicating an increase of 5% in frequency in the case of SSP2-4.5 scenario, and a reduction of 10%in frequency in the case of SSP5-8.5 scenario (Araújo, 2021). These features are considered to compute landslide probability per pixel for the end of the century.
Type: lecture
Appears in Collections:GEO - Comunicações - Em Congressos Científicos Internacionais

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