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Title: Depression and quality of life in Brazilian and Portuguese older people communities
Authors: da Silva Dantas, Bruno Araújo
Cavalcante, Anna Carolyna Vieira
de Miranda, Jessica Arouca
da Silva Toscano, Gislani
Nobre, Thaiza Teixeira Xavier
Mendes, Felismina R.P.
de Miranda, Francisco Arnoldo Nunes
Maia, Eulália Maria Chaves
Torres, Gilson de Vasconcelos
Keywords: Depression and quality of life in Brazilian and Portuguese older people
quality of life
older people
Issue Date: 19-Nov-2021
Citation: da Silva Dantas, Bruno Araújo PhDa,∗; Cavalcante, Anna Carolyna Vieira SCa; de Miranda, Jéssica Maria Arouca MSa; da Silva Toscano, Gislani Acásia MSa; Nobre, Thaiza Teixeira Xavier PhDb; Mendes, Felismina Rosa Parreira PhDc; de Miranda, Francisco Arnoldo Nunes PhDd; Maia, Eulália Maria Chaves PhDe; Torres, Gilson de Vasconcelos PhDa,f Depression and quality of life in Brazilian and Portuguese older people communities, Medicine: November 19, 2021 - Volume 100 - Issue 46 - p e27830 doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000027830
Abstract: We aimed to compare the association of depression with aspects of quality of life (QoL) among older people users of primary health care (PHC) living in Brazil and Portugal. We carried out an observational, cross-sectional and comparative study with a quantitative approach in the PHC scope in Brazil and Portugal, where we obtained a nonrandom sample of 150 participants aged 65 years or older (100 Brazilians and 50 Portuguese). We used the socioeconomic and health data questionnaire, the Medical Outcomes Short-Form Health Survey QoL (SF-36) questionnaire and the Beck Inventory. Among the socioeconomic profiles, most were females aged between 65 and 80 years in both countries. There was a significant difference between groups in the income variable, with 100.0% of Portuguese people earning up to 1 minimum wage (P value <.001), and the presence of chronic diseases in 92.0% of respondents in Portugal (P value = .033). In the association analysis, most aspects of QoL had a higher median score (>50.0) within the categorical variables of “absent” and “mild” depression. The Emotional role functioning, Physical role functioning, Physical functioning, Mental health, Total score domains and the Mental health and Physical health summary measures stood out with this behavior in Brazil and in Portugal, where these latter 2 presented moderate to strong correlation values (ρ > 0.400) in Portugal. Greater associations of depression on QoL were revealed in Portugal than in Brazil. Among their most expressive associations, the Physical role functioning (odds ratio [OR] = 4.776; 95.0% confidence interval [CI]: 2.41–9.43), Physical functioning (OR = 3.037; 95.0% CI: 3.037), Vitality (OR = 6.000; 95.0% CI: 1.56–23.07) and Total score (OR = 3.727; 95.0% CI: 2.24–6.17) domains and the Mental health summary measure (OR = 3.870; 95.0% CI: 2.13–7.02) stood out. Aspects related to the emotional, physical, functional and mental health components stood out. The association and correlation with depression were more expressive in Portugal compared to Brazil. However, similar results were obtained in Brazil but with less relevance.
Type: article
Appears in Collections:CHRC - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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