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|Title: ||Energy production from forest biomass: An overview|
|Authors: ||Gonçalves, Ana Cristina|
Sousa, Adélia M. O.
|Editors: ||Gonçalves, Ana Cristina|
|Keywords: ||forest stands|
|Issue Date: ||2021|
|Citation: ||Gonçalves, A.C.; Malico, I.; Sousa, A.M.O.; 2021. Energy production from forest biomass: An overview. In: Forest biomass: from trees to energy. In: Forest biomass: from trees to energy. Ana Cristina Gonçalves, Isabel Malico and Adélia M. O. Sousa (eds). InTech, London, United Kingdom. (chapter 1). 1-23 pp. DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.93361|
|Abstract: ||As long as care is taken regarding stand and forest sustainability, forest
biomass is an interesting alternative to fossil fuels because of its historical use as
an energy source, its relative abundance and availability worldwide, and the fact
that it is carbon-neutral. This study encompasses the revision of the state of the
sources of forest biomass for energy and their estimation, the impacts on forests
of biomass removal, the current demand and use of forest biomass for energy,
and the most used energy conversion technologies. Forests can provide large
amounts of biomass that can be used for energy. However, as the resources are
limited, the increasing demand for biomass brings about management challenges.
Stand structure is determinant for the amount of residues produced. Biomass can
be estimated with high accuracy using both forest inventory and remote sensing.
Yet, remote sensing enables biomass estimation and monitoring in shorter time
periods. Different bioenergy uses and conversion technologies are characterized
by different efficiencies, which should be a factor to consider in the choice of
the best suited technology. Carefully analyzing the different options in terms of
available conversion technologies, end-uses, costs, environmental benefits, and
alternative energy vectors is of utmost importance.|
|Appears in Collections:||MED - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros|
ERU - Publicações - Capítulos de Livros
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