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Title: Analytical Evaluation of Paper Degradation
Authors: Abazi, Drita
Ferreira, Teresa
Barrocas Dias, Cristina
Manhita, Ana
Nunes, Margarida
Aliu, Suzana
Keywords: Stains
Cellulose fibers
Chemical analysis
Organic compounds
Issue Date: 2018
Publisher: University of Business and Technology in Kosovo
Citation: Abazi, Drita; Ferreira, Teresa; Dias, Cristina Barrocas; Manhita, Ana; Nunes, Margarida; and Aliu, Suzana, "Analytical Evaluation of Paper Degradation" (2018). UBT International Conference. 160.
Abstract: In this paper the object of study was to determine the chemical nature of foxing stains in paper. Purpose of the study: Was to deepen the knowledge on the paper with special emphasis on foxing stains, their chemical nature and morphological aspects of foxing stains. Methods used: Are photography under different illuminations and optical microscopy. The presence of fibers disruption was observed with (SEM-EDS), it was used also (ATR-FTIR). Micro X-ray diffraction was used to evaluate the crystalline fillers in the sample. Mass Spectrometry was used for chemical analysis to identify the organic components. Conclusion: Unfoxed and foxed areas of paper samples showed no differences from a morphological point of view. The sample’ surface was structurally organized, paper fibers seem to be in good condition, without any visible disturbance. The combination of several non-destructive techniques allowed the characterization of paper composition and the evaluation of morphological aspects.
ISBN: 978-9951-437-69-1
Type: article
Appears in Collections:QUI - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings
HERCULES - Artigos em Livros de Actas/Proceedings

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