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|Title: ||Analytical characterization of ancient mortars from the archaeological roman site of Pisões (Beja, Portugal)|
|Authors: ||Borsoi, G.|
Santos Silva, A.
|Issue Date: ||2019|
|Abstract: ||The analytical characterization of mortar samples from the roman archaeological site of Pisões, located in
Southern Portugal, were carried out by means of X-ray diffractometry (XRD), thermogravimetry (TGADTA),
optical and electron scanning microscopy (SEM-EDS), potentiometry and combustion analysis.
The Pisões archaeological complex includes a villa rustica, characterized by well-preserved mosaics and
thermal baths, as well as a mill and a mausoleum. Countryside villae epitomized the Romanization of the
Iberian Peninsula for over six centuries (2nd century BCE–4th century CE). Nevertheless, most of the
Roman villae identified in Portugal have not yet been systematically explored and studied.
This study provides valuable data on the construction materials and techniques used in Roman times in
the Iberian Peninsula. The careful selection of raw materials and the use of natural and artificial pozzolanic
materials can explain the favourable state of conservation, mechanical strength and long-term
durability of these mortars.|
|Appears in Collections:||HERCULES - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica|
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