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Title: Tobacco and e-cigarette use, and exposure to SHS among health sciences students: a national cross-sectional study
Authors: Ravara, Sofia Belo
Afreixo, Vera
Condinho, Mónica
Rua, Marília Santos
Albuquerque, Carlos
Aguiar, Pedro
Bonito, Jorge
Editors: Society, European Respiratory
Keywords: Tobacco
Health sciences students:
Exposure to SHS
Issue Date: 19-Nov-2018
Publisher: European Respiratory Society
Citation: ] Ravara, S. B., Afreixo, V., Condinho, M., Rua, M. S., Albuquerque, C., Aguiar, P., & Bonito, J. (2018). Tobacco and e-cigarette use, and exposure to SHS among health sciences students: a national cross-sectional study. European Respiratory Journal, 52(Suppl. 62), PA4561.
Abstract: Aim: To assess tobacco and e-cigarette (EC) use, and exposure to SHS among pharmaceutical (PHs), nursing (Ns), medical (MDs), and medical dental (Ds) finalists students. Methods: In 2016, a national cross-sectional questionnaire-based study involved health science schools in Portugal (46.6% online). A descriptive/inferential and regression analysis was performed. Results: Participants: 2095 students, 79.5% females, mode age 23 years, 34.5% collaboration rate. Of the finalists, more than half had experimented tobacco (in descending order: box cigarettes, RYO, shisha, cigarillos, cigars, p<0.001). Experimentation of EC ranged from 9.3% (MD) to 13.4% (Ns). EC occasional consumption was more frequent than daily. Prevalence of tobacco use was: Ns-22.1% (23.5% in males; 21.8% in females, p=0.6); Ds-19.7% (29.7% in males; 15.9% in females, p=0,018); PHs19.4% (32.3% in males, 15.1% in females; p=0,003); MDs12,2%, (17.1% in males; 10.2% in females, p=0,049), p<0.001. Among all courses, regular smoking overlaps with college admission; most smokers reported low dependence and desire to quit, while 20% reported readiness to quit; motivation to quit was not triggered by being a role model; Nursing students reported significantly higher dual consumption and experimentation of multiple tobacco products, p<0.001. Being female or an MD predicted not using tobacco. Exposure to SHS was rather common in leisure spaces and did not significantly varied among courses. Conclusions: Tobacco use, experimentation of e-cigarette, and exposure to SHS are common among health science students, highlighting the need to implement comprehensive tobacco control policies in health science schools.
ISSN: 1399-3003
Type: article
Appears in Collections:PED - Publicações - Artigos em Revistas Internacionais Com Arbitragem Científica

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